Routine Activities Theory Essays

1787 Words 8 Pages
There are many definitions to theory. According to Akers (2009) “theories are tentative answers to the commonly asked questions about events and behavior” (Akers, (2009, p. 1). Theory is a set of interconnect statements that explain how two or more things are related in two casual fashions, based upon a confirmed hypotheses and established multiple times by disconnected groups of researchers.
There are six elements that make a theory sound. These elements are scientific criteria that provide whether or not the theories are scientific. The most important of these elements is empirical validity, which uses evidence to confirm or disprove a theory and have criteria for interpreting data as factual, irregular or unrelated. The other major
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The main idea is that in the lack of valuable controls, offenders will prey upon attractive targets. In order for crime to occur, a motivated offender must come in contact directly or indirectly with a target. The target is a thing or an object if it is a property crime. The target is a person if it is a personal crime. If a target is never in the same place as a motivated offender, the target can never be a victim of crime. Also, there are formal or informal guardians whose existence can stop crime. If the guardians are absent, or present but ineffective, crime is possible.

Routine Activities Theory has four basic elements, time, place, objects, and persons. These elements were place into three main categories of variables. These variables “increase or decrease the likelihood that persons will be victims of ‘direct contact’ predatory crime” (Akers, 2009, p. 35). These categories are motivated offenders, suitable targets, and capable guardians. The main proposal of the theory is that criminal activity will increase “if there is a ‘convergence in space and time of the three minimal elements of direct contact predatory violations” (Akers, 2009, p. 35). This means that if there is more than one person who is motivated to participate in the criminal activity, then the likelihood of the crime will increase. It is also likely to increase if a target is available and if there is not a formal or informal…