Roy Adaptation Model

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Nursing Theorist: Roy Adaptation Model Jeanette Ratliff, RN Chamberlain College of Nursing Course Number: Summer 2011 Nursing Theorist: Roy Adaptation Model Sister Callista Roy was not only a pioneer in the field of nursing, but also a leader. Her dedication to the health community is inarguable. As serving numerous roles as leader, her thoughts and visions touched many. One example of her mark in nursing is the Roy Adaptation Model. It is in this model that health is defined as a state of adaptation that occurs as a result of successfully adapting to stressors. It is a positive response to an environmental change as well as coping successfully with stressors and environmental changes. Roy defines the environment in terms of…show more content…
There is a zone which shows the correlation between adaptive response and the range of stimulation. When stimuli fall outside the zone, Roy points out that the individual is without effective coping skills. Therefore the individual is unable to respond positively. Coping mechanisms consist of regulator and cognator subsystems. The regulator subsystem is made up of automatic neural endocrine and chemical activity. The cognator subsystem consists of cognitive and emotive pathways. These pathways involve information processing, learning, judgment, and emotions (George, 2002). In the final component of her model Roy address the goal of nursing is to promote adaptation in each of the four modes. By doing so, promotes a person’s health, quality of life, and dying and dignity. The four models according to Andrews and Roy, (1991) are physiological, self-concept, role function and interdependence. Roy’s model includes six steps in order to carry out the nursing process. These steps are assessment of behavior, assessment of stimuli, nursing diagnosis, goal setting, interventions, and evaluation. To assess behavior, it is stressed that behavior is observed and compared to norms and considered either adaptive or ineffective. The assessment of stimuli involves classifying the stimuli into one of the three stimuli categories, focal, contextual, and residual, and assessing how the affects
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