Considering all those great ideas, medical science was used to treat the sick and improve their health through operations. In April 1, 1717 constantinople had received a letter from an english writer named Lady Wortley Montagu in which she stated that the disease smallpox was fatal and was able to kill many Europeans in a short period of time. However, Lady Wortley Montagu came up with an invention that was known as engrafting to eliminate this disease and create a vaccine
A researcher George Gey was given the cells of Henrietta’s tumor for research. George Gey discovered that Henrietta’s cells were unique and did something by no means seen before; they could be kept alive and grow. Before Henrietta’s cells, cultured cells would only be able to survive a few days. More time was spent on observing and preserving Henrietta’s cells than actually using them for research. It was
His mother passed away after he was a baby and his father abandoned him. Froebel was passed onto to his uncle to care for him, it was then he was put into the education system. Froebel wasn’t very fascinated in all of the subjects but had a huge interest into mathematics and nature. Froebel struggled to attend university, after many attempts he got accepted. During his time in university Froebel studied to gain a forester degree and this anticipated towards his love for nature, Froebel soon encountered an opportunity into teaching through a school ran by
First, Dr. Gey decided to take Henrietta Lacks’ (who had cervical cancer) cells without informing her and then sent them to be researched. Henrietta’s cells then became one of the biggest discoveries and
At the time that Henrietta was admitted to the oncology clinic at Johns Hopkins in 1951, the world’s researchers and doctors were trying to find a way to grow human cells outside of the human body. This would enable them
Gey was able to contribute to the advancements made in science not only by collecting the cells but also by making an abundance of advancements in the field of cell culture. Being able to collect, cultivate, and ship the cells already contributed to the advancements made not only by making it possible to see the effects of certain diseases and vaccines on human cells but also because it showed new techniques of shipping live human cells: “Gey sent them [cells] via plane in tubes with a few drops of culture medium, just enough to keep them alive for a short time… [or] tucked them into holes carved in blocks of ice to keep them from overheating” (Skloot 57). This in turn allowed Henrietta’s legacy to grow because she could survive a long time with few necessities. Dr. Gey was able to show that in ice the cells slow their processes of metastasizing and this keeps them from dying; thus creating a process called spontaneous transformation allowing for scientist to observe a transforming somatic cell during the process of mitosis. This process was able to make Henrietta’s legacy grow as aiding the formation of the cell cycle. Dr. Gey also made a technique of “growing in suspension” in which “they [HeLa cells] could grow floating in a culture medium that was constantly stirred by a magnetic device” (pg 94) decreasing space required to hold the same amount of HeLa, allowing for more cells and more experimentation, which increased Henrietta’s legacy. Dr. Gey contributed a lot to
“Eli Metchnikoff (1845-1916) Discoverer of Phagocytosis” Medicine in Stamps. 2009. Retrieved on January 14, 2014 from Biography:http://biography.yourdictionary.com/elie-metchnikoff
Fred Hollows was born on the 9th of April, 1929 in Dunedin, New Zealand. He was the second of four boys in his family and he attended North East Valley Primary School and Palmerston North Boy’s High School growing up. He did well academically but only when he was interested in the subject and he enjoyed the Protestant Boy’s Brigade, camping and tramping around the bush. When he was young he always pictured himself to become a missionary so
William Harvey was a distinguished physician of the seventeenth century. Harvey was educated by some of the great scientists of his time and was highly knowledgeable of the scientist theories preceding his time. Harvey was greatly intrigued by the views of the ancient Aristotle and developed a number of his own ideas based on Aristotle’s theories. It was from Aristotle’s theory of the primacy of blood that allowed Harvey to make breakthroughs about circulation and generation of animals. His advancements greatly enhanced the study of anatomy. Harvey also revolutionized the means by which science was performed through the use of innovative, investigational techniques. William Harvey became a
In 1906, Dietrich Bonhoeffer was born along with his twin sister Sabine in Breslau, Germany to neurologist Karl Bonhoeffer and his wife Paula. Growing up, Dietrich was expected to follow the footsteps of his father and his older siblings into the field of medicine, however it was quite a surprise for them to hear that he had decided to become a pastor. This was shocking news to the Bonhoeffers because they were not religious family. Bonhoeffer graduated from the University of Berlin in 1927 with a doctorate degree in the field theology at the age of only twenty-one. He believed that Christians needed to be involved in politics and work together in order to establish God’s kingdom on earth.
Prize’s are put into place to award gifted beings; whose work has or will make a significant change in mankind. Most importantly, they are recognize by their genius and not judging their area of expertise. When the awarded person wins the prize, there is always a level expectation that is expected of them. In the history of science, there have been many achievements that have motivated by human to not only live to the fullest of their potential but to live as long and healthy life as they can. These victories in medicine have started the courage for all human being all over the world having the confidence to live their lives without a disease or bacteria infection that now days can be cured without any problem taking their life. Given Antony Van Leeuwenhoek along with his many contributions to science, there is no better nominee for an award that demonstrated the constitutional achievements in biotechnology. A tradesman and inventor in the biotechnology society he is undeniably deserving of The Carleton Prize of Biotechnology. Antony van Leeuwenhoek’s experimentation of lenses for microscopic research, and his inventions which increased magnification, research and development there would be many unanswered question in the medical world.
Without mincing her words, she said, “Stinguard never had a genuinely novel idea to propel him to the upper echelons of the great scientific pioneers. In reality, his stature came from his connections in the ruling elite due to his marriage to Cuthbert Miller’s sister. He advanced in the scientific community only because he eliminated his rivals using his powerful connections. Even so, the quality of his scientific method was always questionable as shown by his viral vector. Nonetheless, he has won every accolade except the Nobel Prize in Medicine. Despite his money, power, and fame, only a Nobel Prize could have ensured his legacy to join the pantheon of the greats in science. Perhaps, winning the Nobel Prize became his primary motivating force. Otherwise, on the whole, his scientific work is of marginal significance.”
• In 1762 Austrian physician Marcus Anton von Plenciz (1705–1786) suggested that living organisms caused infectious diseases.
Harald zur Hausen was born on March 11, 1936 in Gelsenkirchen-Buer, Germany. He studied Medicine at the Universities of Bonn, Hamburg and Düsseldorf and received his M.D. in 1960. After his internship he worked as postdoc at the Institute of Microbiology in Düsseldorf, subsequently in the Virus Laboratories of the Children 's Hospital in Philadelphia where he was later appointed as Assistant Professor. After a period of 3 years as a senior scientist at the Institute of Virology of the University of Würzburg, he was appointed in 1972 as Chairman and Professor of Virology at the University of Erlangen-Nürnberg. Harald zur Hausen is a pioneer of medical virology. His work concentrates early persistent infections with DNA viruses. This focus
La création de la science de l’étude du vin qui a passionné le grand biologiste Louis Pasteur au 18eme siècle, cet éminent savant fut le promoteur de l’œnologie moderne.