The first thing that one’s eyes lay on is the amazing trade mark of marble stone from the architect Rafael Guastavino. The façade out of this building shows Spanish Renaissance architecture at its very best. The brick work could not be copied and is no longer done in this day and age. This herringbone pattern is also the trademark that Guastavino uses in all the buildings that he created (Carrasco, Mercè Piqueras). On the top of the church stands the churches Saint; Saint Lawrence. He holds a gridiron; which is the method by which he was martyred (saintlawrencebasilica.org). Saint Lawrence is flanked by Saint Steven, the very first martyr, who holds a stone; which was the method of his martyrdom. On the opposite side, Guastavino’s favorite saint, stands Aloysius Gonzaga. He was a young seminarian at the time of the plague that died assisting other people (Swain, Elisabeth). The inside of this building contains no structure, but yet in the last one hundred years there was never one tile that was lost. Inside the church one can’t help but notice the many banners hanging around the perimeter. The banners on the eastside of the building are the coated coats of arms of all the popes who have reined since
Pietro DiDonato’s Christ in Concrete is a powerful narrative of the struggles and culture of New York’s Italian immigrant laborers in the early twentieth century. Jerre Mangione and Ben Morreale, in their historical work La Storia, state that "Never before or since has the aggravation of the Italian immigrant been more bluntly expressed by a novelist" (368). A central component of this "aggravation", both for DiDonato as an author and for his protagonist Paul, is the struggle to reconcile traditional religious beliefs and customs with the failure of that very same faith to provide any tangible improvement in the immigrants’ lives. Through Paul’s experience, we observe the Catholic institutions
Early Christian art has several features which are adapted from Roman elements. Santa Sabina employed several Roman columns from Pagan temples. This type of reuse of architectural or sculptural elements is known as spolia. Early Christian churches also came in two ways, both of which were inspired by Roman architecture. Santa Sabina is an example of the more numerous axially planned building, which has a long nave focusing on an apse. Early Christian basilicas, just like in Santa Sabina, had thin walls supporting wooden roofs with coffered ceilings. Another example of an element of the Christian design which was adapted from non-Christian sources are the spolia, or tall slender columns. Spolia is the reuse of architectural or sculptural places in buildings generally different from their original contexts. These were taken from the Temple of Juno in Rome and erected on the site of Santa Sabina. This serves as a statement of the triumph of Christianity over
Pantheon located in Rome, Italy is the most well conserved architectural structure of the Roman period. Pantheon, initially a roman sanctuary worked to committed to every one of the divine beings, however in 609AD., it was transformed into a congregation and stays as it. Initially worked by Agrippa around 27BC under Augustus' lead however it was caught fire during 80D, under Emperor Domitian's care then build it again, yet was struck by lightning and burned down again in 110AD. The present Pantheon was worked in 120AD and finished by Emperor Hadrian alongside Apollodorus of Damascus. (Hannah and Magli 2011)
The historical site I have selected is La Plaza De Cultura Y Artes. The Plaza shows the terrific Mexican culture and its connection to Southern California and most importantly in Los Angeles. According to their website lapca.org, The Plaza De Cultura Y Artes was founded in 2011 and is located near where the City of Los Angeles was founded on. The Plaza is a center for excellence with Mexican and Mexican-American culture. Again according to lapca.org, the Plaza facilitates numerous artifacts that detail the history of Mexican culture from the earliest natives in California to the most recent Mexican-American contributions. La Plaza de Cultura Y Arte prides itself on providing unknown Mexican history to its visitors. The Plaza also is located by a large garden that surrounds the beautiful historical museum. La Plaza de Cultura is an excellent historical gem that many people in Southern California have not discovered.
The Church of San Vitale is found in Ravenna with a brick facing. It is a centrally planned church with a ground level, gallery, and clerestory. The inside shows Old Testament
Known for its pointed arches, flying buttresses, and detailed tracery, Gothic architecture emerged in 12th-century northern France, and the style continued into the 16th century . Gothic architecture was called, Opus Francigenum ("French work"), during the time. The term Gothic, first appearing during the late part of the Renaissance period. Gothic Architecture is wonderful on its own, how detailed, and ornate a concrete building can be finished with colorful stained-glass windows. The famous architects helped to create these building masterpieces of the century, and that became popular in other countries around the world, and still today. One of the towering achievements in the world architecture, the unique product of an era of peace, and widespread economic prosperity, deep spiritually, and extraordinary technological innovations.
The composition is built on the simple geometry of a pyramid, common among Renaissance artworks. The viewer’s attention is drawn immediately to Christ not only because He is located in the center, but the empty spaces surrounding him also serve as an emphasis. In addition, it gives off a sense of loneliness and isolation, knowing He is about to be betrayed. The twelve apostles are separated into four groups of three, with Christ as the central axis. Leonardo Da Vinci maintained the balance and symmetry within the space of the pyramid, dividing the four groups of apostles equally on both sides. The linear placement of the groups of apostles provides a balance and prevents overemphasis and attention on the center.
It followed the train of thought that nature, the geometry of nature is perfect, and God has made that perfect, so his house, AKA the church, should imitate that perfection. This caused the increase in geometric shapes found in nature to be found in the church. Triangles can be found in the arched windows and door, Circles in the Rose stained glass window. Symmetry was also very important. The cause of such a heavy emphasis on light, and symmetry was because of something St Aquinas said “ ad pulchritudinem tria requiruntur” which means that the beauty of the three required. The three being integrity, right proportion or harmony, and bright or vividness. If the church were to be the symbol for God, and the holy city on earth it must be beautiful, and so it must have these
With such support from the state and the Emperor, the church was given a massive financial support, which was invested in the building of the Basilicas. They were used to perform rituals such as worship, baptism, prayers, scripture reading, preaching and recognition of the dead and the after life. The liturgy of the early churches was very plain. They were build on a rectangular classical floor plan. The Basilica floor plan was simple; consisting of a narthex (the outside building short end), apse, transept, and aisle such formation gives the idea of building resembling to the cross. The early Christians were inspiration to represent such building to the cross. Once more this is part of the spiritual journey of Christianity. The other model was the central plan which would consist of a dome in the middle of the church. Were all the activities would take place. Like the worship and the baptismal ritual. This center plan was more common in the Eastern-Orthodox churches. This shows the heritage of Roman Christian art from the early ancestors such as the Greeks and the Middle East. A great example is the San Vitale in Ravenna which was an important Byzantine outpost in Italy. San Vitale was constructed under the reign of the Byzantine Emperor Justinian in 547. This church has a domed central core which
I also thought it was interesting to learn that the abbey church of Saint Dennis was the first introduction of Gothic architecture. Another interesting thing that I wanted to point out was, that many of the churches, including the abbey church of Saint Dennis and the Chartres Cathedral, "had lengthy construction histories" (Kleiner 379). But, one church, in particular, had a fairly quick construction time frame. The Laon Cathedral, pictured below, is an example of a church that began construction around 1160 and the construction was quickly completed, by 1200. Besides, Gothic architectural features, the Laon Cathedral also demonstrates some Romanesque features, including, "nave bays with large sexpartite rib vaults" (Kleiner 379). The textbook
He composed a monstrous basilica in a Roman-Byzantyne style. This compositional style remains in sharp appear differently in relation to other contemporary structures in France, Paris which were for the most part implicit a Romanesque style.
The Nativity Façade doors are a part of the Sagrada Familia Basilica in Barcelona; however, the doors were only placed into the 151-year-old structure in the year 2015. In my opinion, the façade doors are truly astounding. The symmetry of the two doors divided by a center column gives an aspect of balance, while the doors are still unique in overall design. The color and attention to detail on the exterior makes the doors almost seem like sculptures instead of entrances. The ornate metal doors are smooth and heavy, yet the sculptural ivy, flowers, and insects give the illusion of being an aspect of nature. However, the color is what truly stands out. The natural green, yellow, and red are the opposite of what one would expect, but in the Nativity
The church was designed to have a total length of 110 m, and a height of 45 m, with twelve towers between 100 and 115 m high. The ground plan is a Gothic basilical plan in the shape of a Latin cross, with five naves connecting with a transept that connects to three naves, apse, and ambulatory. The rest of the church is conceived in an organic style,