Running Head: Written Assignment Unit 2 1. Psyc 1111: Introduction

927 WordsFeb 10, 20174 Pages
Running head: WRITTEN ASSIGNMENT UNIT 2 1 Psyc 1111: Introduction to Human Psychology Written Assignment Unit 2 University of the People WRITTEN ASSIGNMENT UNIT 2 2 Introduction to Human Psychology Written Assignment Unit 2 Introduction This paper will review an article entitled “Insomnia and the Performance of US Workers: Results from the America Insomnia Survey” that appeared in Vol. 34 of the journal SLEEP. The lack of sleep has been shown to “have significant negative psychological and physiological consequences” for people, and hence a better understanding of the impact of sleep deprivation is important in promoting overall wellbeing (Openstax 2014: 116). This paper will therefore review the aforementioned article and assess the…show more content…
Methods The study took place between October 2008 and July 2009 and consisted of a stratified probability sample of 10094 adults belonging to a large US commercial health plan (Ibid. 1162). The sample was selected to be broadly representative of the overall population, with additional requirements being access to a telephone (with no impediments to speaking over the phone) and ability to speak and understand English (Ibid.). Of the total respondents, 7428 were either employed or self-employed and therefore eligible to participate in the study (Ibid.). The cooperation rate of respondents was 65% (Ibid.). Analysis of the results was done using linear regression analysis, specifically to estimate associations of insomnia with work performance while controlling for sociodemographics and comorbid conditions (Ibid. 1163). Results of the Study The results of the study estimated the prevalence of insomnia in the America Insomnia Survey to be 23.2% (Ibid. 1164). Insomnia prevalence was significantly lower among people aged 65+ (14.3%), higher among women than men (27.1% to 19.7%) and higher among respondents with either a high school or some college education (25.3% and 26.4% respectively) as compared to those with less than high school education (19.9%) or college graduates (21.5%) (Ibid.). The percentage of work hours lost due to absenteeism associated with insomnia according to the study was 7.1% of the total (slightly less than 1.5 days of absence in a

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