Russia and Japan

1271 WordsMar 25, 20096 Pages
During the nineteenth century, Western Europe went through a marvelous era of industrialization and imperialism. This period of social, political, and territorial advancement caused a dramatic ripple-effect around the world, giving other countries such as Russia and Japan motivation to modernize. By 1914 Russia and Japan had managed to launch significant programs of industrialization and to make other changes designed to strengthen their political and social systems. These two nations defied the common pattern of growing Western domination during the nineteenth century. In the process, Japan pulled away from other Asian societies, while Russia ultimately enhanced its power in world affairs. Japan and Russia did have some common…show more content…
It helped create a larger urban work force. Local rulers called zemstvoes regulated roads, schools, and regional policies. Military officers were chosen based on meritocracy, an idea adopted from the West. Increased literacy and looser values of sex were installed. Russian culture remained traditional and did not completely westernize. The tsar still viewed peasants as serfs that were inferior. The process of Russification spread the Russian language and Eastern Orthodox religion throughout the empire creating feelings of nationalism that united Russia as its own empire separate from the West. Russia’s attempt to industrialize created a stir in its heterogeneous society. Russia’s empire of many ethnic and revolutionary groups were not able to work together to modernize. A lack of food from inadequate farming technology led to frequent famines that angered peasants along with hefty redemption payments. The Intelligentsia group was most radical. Their intellectual radicalism inspired terrorism. They assassinated Tsar Alexander II and set out Pogroms against the Jews in Russia. The Intelligentsia wanted to industrialize but not become materialistic like the West. The anarchists wanted to abolish all formal government, especially the tsar. Marxists wanted a proletarian revolution without a middle class phase. Revolution was inevitable but these groups were not united and could be penalized harshly by Russia’s
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