Russia's Condition before the Bolshevik Revolution

1001 Words Jul 14th, 2018 5 Pages
In the late 19th century Russia had been notably behind Europe economically, they weren’t in possession of the modern farming technologies that could efficiently provide for a large country. As a result 90% of the Russian population were peasants (Massey, 4). The serfs lived in deep poverty; they didn’t have the appropriate apparatus to produce enough crops and most of their landlords had unbelievably high demands. In an effort to reform the economy’s recession tsar Alexander II liberated the serfs. However this created more bad for both the serfs and the nobles. In the beginning the serfs saw this is a great victory and another reason to be thankful for their tsar. But as timed pass by the peasants saw this life of liberty and freedom to …show more content…
The Marxists in Russia divided into two different political parties: The Mensheviks and Bolsheviks. Lenin led the Bolsheviks, they believed that the only way Russia would prevail was if it where to be governed by a small elite core of revolutionaries. February of 1917, workers gave protesting another try and actually had the soldiers side with them. The Tsar finally admitted defeat and stepped down from the throne and a provisional government was put into place. The leader of the provisional government was Andrew Kerensky, and when he decided to continue fighting World War I many soldiers deserted him and everyone turned to the Bolsheviks. The only political party to be completely against the provisional government as well as World War 1.

The late 19th and early 20th century had been a time filled with Strong ethnic divide. Alexander III felt that western ideals didn’t coincide with Russian beliefs. To secure his position as the Tsar he began to purify Russia by deeming everything that isn’t Russian to be dangerous. By forbidding all languages other than Russian as well as all religions other than Christianity he thought he was halting all efforts to revolt. As a result from not having the right to practice Judaism Anti-Semitism intensified to the point where a organized violence acts called pogroms were committed and justified and even commemorated as an act of
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