Rwandan Genocide Essay

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The formation of the United Nations in 1945 was marked by an international outcry to ‘never again’ idly bear witness to the genocidal atrocities capable of man, as so harshly revealed in the nature of the Holocaust. In doing so, all member states actively sought to facilitate discussion in the United Nations as a world forum, in order to achieve both international and intra-national security. While the United Nations has achieved various successes in the international community, the international entity and its’ member states are subject to various legal and moral flaws, weakening response to conflicts in the contemporary era of international relations. These failures are exemplified tragically in the response to the Rwandan genocide in…show more content…
The genocide was partly founded in ethno-politics, as a group of exiled Hutus, the Rwandan Patriotic Front, invaded Rwanda from Uganda in order to reclaim their power within Rwanda from the Tutsi peoples.
The turbulent relationship between the two groups was founded in pre-colonial, colonial, post-colonial and modern relationships and frameworks. The pre-colonial ethnic distinctions of Hutu, Tutsi and Twa, defined by social and economic organization were furthered by colonization, during which rigid segregation continued to plague political and social Rwandan frameworks. These distinctions were hypothesized and glorified by the academic community during colonization as the Hamitic hypothesis began to gain prominence. The theory was based upon the idea of a scientific racial supremacy separating the three tribes, praising the Tutsi pastoralists as being naturally destined to be the ruling group (Codere 1962, 48). Further, the premise was of distinguishable, observable traits between the two groups, in a practice often conceptualized as scientific racism. As decolonization became a more common shift in the international realm, the second colonizers of Rwanda, the state of Belgium, began to maintain authority over the territory. The Rwandan Revolution of 1959, saw a dramatic switch in the Rwandan power structure, as the Hutu majority suddenly rose to prominence and the Tutsi were excluded from government with active

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