S. Aureus Research Paper

1292 WordsJun 13, 20176 Pages
Brief History of S. aureus Infections S. aureus Infections: A Growing Problem Humans are a natural reservoir of S. aureus. Thirty to fifty percent of healthy adults are colonized, with ten to twenty percent persistently colonized (Lowy, 1998). In particular, S. aureus isolates of concern to the medical community are methicillin-sensitive and methicillin-resistant strains, which are also persistent colonizers. Increased risk factors for S. aureus infection are persistent colonization, patients with type 1 diabetes, intravenous drug users, patients undergoing hemodialysis, surgical patients, and patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Patients with qualitative or quantitative defects in leukocyte function are also at…show more content…
Several reports have highlighted the increased incidence of Staphylococcal disease among Pacific Islanders, American Indians, Alaskan Natives, and Africans (Fridkin, 2005). Africans were associated with increased rates of invasive S. aureus disease in 1998 in one population-based study in Connecticut and in other studies evaluating invasive pneumococcal disease (Fridkin, 2005). Compounding the issue are the recent reports of the transatlantic spread of S. aureus. International travel and the increasing trend of training or working abroad among health care workers probably contribute to its global spread (Tietz, 2005). There are several promising technologies/treatments available to take care of antibiotic resistant S. aureus. One of these technologies, heteropolymers may serve as a substitute to complement mediated clearance of pathogens. Moreover, data suggests that it is more effective in rapidly clearing pathogens and antigens compared to the natural immune system. Another treatment that could be used as a defense against MRSA infection is herbal medicines. There are a host of data supporting the efficacy of natural medicines in the treatment of S. aureus. The most significant costs involved in approving herbal medicines would be the cost of conducting controlled clinical trials. Cervinkova et al. (2013) said that bovine mastitis is a large scale infectious disease and reduces the economy of milk
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