SOCIAL STRATIFICATION Essay

1306 WordsNov 19, 20136 Pages
Social stratification is a concept involving the classification of people into groups based on shared socio-economic conditions. Giddens (2009:1133) defines social stratification as “the existence of structured inequalities between groups in society, in terms of their access to material or symbolic rewards”. This context explains in detail the three agents of social stratification and expresses personal views about the categories of social class in the Zambian society it further goes on to explain whether or not social class is responsible for students educational attainment. The three main agents of social stratification are the family ,mass media and educational institution this is in line with Agumba (2009:45) who…show more content…
Often when poor people are featured the depiction is either unflattering or pitying, such portrayals are often negative or stereotypical Research has shown that social inequality continues to be produced in educational institutions one latent function of education is for one to achieve and attain the capacity or ability to live a fulfilling life. According to Jean (2009: ) “students who get the best education are likely to be selected for preferred jobs in society”. Agumba (2009:45) adds on saying that “schools or institutions promote social stratification through streaming ,this is grouping of learners with the same ability together”, the impact of this is that streaming has a negative effect on self image and ultimately on performance. Weber also saw class as an economic category but he stressed its interaction with social status and the affinities of party. In recent time`s social scientists have used occupation as an indicator of class. Zambia is a developing nation and social class in the Zambian context is composed of the three main categories which are the lower class, the working class and the middle class the top upper class is yet to emerge in the Zambian society. The lower class is the least informed people in the Zambian society this class is generally characterized by “low aspirations, poor education,
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