SOcial and Economic Development: Inclusion and Inclusive Education

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INCLUSION: A BIRTHRIGHT
Education is the most important factor in any country’s social and economic development. It builds human capital by producing informed and productive citizens. Education creates opportunities for marginalized and socioeconomically disadvantaged communities to become better adjusted and productive citizens.
People with disabilities are still at a severe disadvantage in terms of accessing education in many parts of the world, especially in Pakistan. World Health Organization (WHO, 1981) indicates that 10 percent of the population has some sort of disability, such as visual impairment, hearing impairment, mental retardation, physical disability, learning disability or multiple disabilities. Of these, only two percent
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INCLUSION: A BIRTHRIGHT
Education is the most important factor in any country’s social and economic development. It builds human capital by producing informed and productive citizens. Education creates opportunities for marginalized and socioeconomically disadvantaged communities to become better adjusted and productive citizens.
People with disabilities are still at a severe disadvantage in terms of accessing education in many parts of the world, especially in Pakistan. World Health Organization (WHO, 1981) indicates that 10 percent of the population has some sort of disability, such as visual impairment, hearing impairment, mental retardation, physical disability, learning disability or multiple disabilities. Of these, only two percent have access to institutional facilities.
If children with disabilities are to take their rightful place in the community they should be provided choices, opportunities and status at par with normal school going children.
INCLUSIVE EDUCATION
Segregated educational settings often alienate a special child in relation to other children in the home neighborhood. Although special instruction in a segregated setting helps them to acquire knowledge and skills at their own level it negatively affects their ability to associate with the other children in an ordinary school environment. It thus becomes difficult for these children to adapt as adults to life in the mainstream society.
Inclusive Education has evolved as a movement to challenge these
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