SWOT and PEST analysis

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Within the marketing management sector of a business the importance of strategic planning is paramount. There are two main situational analysis techniques that are used within the industry to do this, SWOT and PEEST. Mintzberg and Waters (1985) wrote about the importance of an error free strategy formulation allowing for the most efficient path to be taken when achieving the chosen objective. With the use of a multitude of academic sources and my own notes I shall reveal the importance of this in relation to British Airways’ decision-making process.
SWOT analysis
The acronym SWOT highlights the importance of the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats that are present in the microeconomic vicinity of the organisation in
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It also includes but is not limited to, voting rates and trends, public opinion and activism of regulatory agencies. These are all cited within Bensouusan & Fleisher’s (2012) text discussing the benefits of PEEST when in the process of strategic decision making. Economic factors include the exchange rates, GDP rates, interest rates and so on. These are all indicators of how the government is using their reforms and implementing their goals. This factor is crucial as economic development has a direct correlation with the standard of living of a country and will affect any marketing objective a company will put in place. A prime example of this is the current global recession, which has increased unemployment and lowered average disposable income per person. Thus making marketing plans less likely to succeed. Social factors highlight an consumer behavior trends and focuses on culture and lifestyle within society. These are important when deploying a new marketing strategy or objective as a greater knowledge of the social trends allows for more understanding of the market situation. Technological includes factors such as research and development (R&D), the pace of technological innovation and more abstractly the number of colleges and universities within a region . With the recent change in the world’s view on the ecological state of the earth environmental
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