Saarc Failure Reasons

1722 Words May 3rd, 2012 7 Pages
FAILURE REASON OF SAARC

Introduction 1. SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation) was stablished on 8th December,1985 by seven countries of Asia named as Pakistan, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Maldives, India, and Sri Lanka, while Afghanistan joined this association later in 2007. The headquarters of SAARC are Katmandu and Nepal. Initially SAARC was established to retreat and up hold the peace in the south Asia region and create the opportunities of interaction between member countries. The main purpose of the founders of this association is to increase the progress of economic and social development in member states,through joint action in the agreed areas of cooperation. Later on strategies were trimmed down and made
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Its population is 77% of the total population of the South Asia and its GDP is 71% of the total GDP of South Asia. It shares borders with all the member countries of south Asia (except Afghanistan which has joined the organization very recently). As a result of this dominant position it is but natural that India can play a sort of hegemonic role in the region. The dispute between the two countries India and Pakistan over Kashmir issue has never let these two giant countries of the south Asia to go along well and set aside their differences on the SAARC forum. A part from this the India has dome disputes with its rest of the member countries like Pakistan ,Bangladesh , Nepal , Bhutan , and even it has not helped SAARC cause. This in return creates a sense of insecurity among the other member countries and thus puts a negative impact on the performance of SAARC.

(c ) Trade. All the south Asian countries look up to India to share it’s huge markets because of its size and location, where 80% of the of the intra-regional trade in south Asia is to or from India. India blames the failure of SAFTA on Pakistan but its not true at all because SAFTA requires India,Pakistan and Sri Lanka to bring their duties down to 20% in the two year period ending in 2007.The 20% duty in the final phase ending in 2012 will be reduced to zero.During the fiscal period of 2006-2007, the exports of India were in billion dollars but their imports were no more than $350 million.