government officials that were identified as conspirators against the Ba’ath party. (5) His ruthless and brutal dictatorship would bring his country to war with neighboring Iran from 1980 to 1988. Initially a territorial dispute, Hussein would cite Iran’s Islamic fundamentalism as his motives for continued combat and Iraq’s use of chemical weapons. (6) The war resulted in more than 100,000 combat deaths and drove Iraq deep into debt. The military annex of Kuwait in 1991 was intended to absolve Iraq of this financial responsibility to it’s neighbor. (7) The United Nations Security Council, in particular the United States, responded with force to drive Saddam Hussein’s army
Abstract In the weeks immediately after the terrorist attacks on September 11th, 2001, the nation watched anxiously as the Bush Administration declared war on terror. Following the invasion of Afghanistan to hunt down those responsible for this horrific incident, the U.S. swiftly changed its priority to invading Iraq and overthrowing its government by capturing its president, Saddam Hussein. In this mission, the U.S. scrambled to find a connection between Saddam Hussein and the terrorist organization al-Qa’ida. Since the invasion of Iraq in March 2003, many scholars have focused on the effects of the Iraq War, speculating on the Bush Administration’s motives for the decision. While some within scholarly circles have attributed the invasion
Osama is the main suspect that U.S. officials say could be behind the hijacking attacks and other numerous international terrorist assaults. These attacks were the result of a “holy war”, declared against the United States by Osama Bin Laden. Laden's anger with the United States in 1990 from the decision by Saudi Arabia to allow the U.S. to stage attacks on Iraqi forces in Kuwait and Iraq. After the U.S. victory, the U.S. military presence became permanent. In a CNN interview with bin Laden in 1997, he said the ongoing U.S. military presence in Saudi Arabia is an "occupation of the land of the holy places.” (Anti-Defamation League, “Osama Bin Laden: Profile”). He left Saudi Arabia in 1991 after a feud with the Saudi monarchy, taking assets that had grown to an estimated $250 million with him. In 1996, bin Laden issued a "fatwah," which is a religious ruling urging Muslims to kill U.S. troops in Saudi Arabia and Somalia. Another fatwah in 1998 called for attacks on American civilians. These terrorists are not born as killers, but are made through Osama Bin Laden’s terrorist training
The Assassination of Osama bin Laden The Soviets invaded Afghanistan, in 1979. Osama, believed he should join Afghan in his duties as a Muslim to fight the occupation. He
Saddam Hussein had the nearly hopeless task of justifying the invasion. He plead the fact that Kuwait had
Since the early 1900s the United States has been embroiled in Iranian affairs, something that would have great effects both in 1979 and now. The United States’ interest in Iran was originally spurred by the discovery of oil, but due to the Cold War U.S. interest in Iran grew even more for strategic reasons. To continue to exert their influence in Iran, the United States, through the CIA, installed shah Pahlavi as ruler. The shah was a cruel and strict dictator and was eventually overthrown and exiled. In place of the shah, an Islamic Republic came to power under the rule of Ayatollah Khomeini.
Iran was a major supplier of oil and in 1977, President Carter went there to celebrate the shah’s rule. This caused internal opposition against America and in 1979, a revolution ensued, over-throwing the shah and declaring Iran an Islamic republic. Because of Carter’s close relationship with the shah, he allowed him to seek medical treatment in the US. As a result of this, Khomeini, Muslim cleric who over-threw the shah, followers attacked and invaded the American embassy in Tehran, seizing 66 hostages. This directly shows that Carter’s bleeding heart policy was not always successful and led to a rapid fall in this popularity. Another failure, sometimes referred to as a greater crisis than WWII, of Carter’s foreign policy also began in 1979 and was initially seen more as America losing power because of Carter’s policy, not a direct result of anything he did. In 1979, the Soviet Union sent thousands of troops to Afghanistan to support a government threatened by an Islamic republic. In the end, Afghanistan became Soviet Vietnam, “an unwinnable conflict whose mounting causalities seriously weakened the government at home.” However, when Carter funneled aid to Muslims in Afghanistan to fight against the Soviet Union, an alliance formed that had unexpected consequences. This aid essentially helped Islamic fundamentalists, also known as the Taliban, rise to power in Afghanistan and America has been fighting them ever
The involvement of America in Iraq and Afghanistan was ill-timed, and it was not the best way to respond to the 9/11 attack by Osama Bin Laden. The rationale of the Bush administration to invade Iraq was that Saddam Hussein had supported Osama Bin Laden’s attacks. However, this claim made no sense going by the fact that Osama had nothing but disdain for the peculiar regime of one Saddam Hussein. Additionally, the complaint by the Bush administration that Saddam Hussein was hiding dangerous weapons of mass destruction turned to be false since the administration had no evidence to prove it. It later came to be known that President Bush had given an order to officials of the United Nations investigating the regime of Saddam Hussein for weapons
There was a lot of opposition to invading Iraq based on the idea of the fact it had really nothing to do with national security but with Iraqi oil. Iraq has the third largest petroleum reserve to themselves put a target on their head. With the Bush administration denying one of the reasons for war was for oil and there was the threat of WMD’s made critics suspicious because a lot of middle eastern countries and other countries dominated by a dictators like Kim Jong Un in North Korea, Fidel Castro in Cuba and Hassan Rouhani in Iran were trying to develop and possibly already have WMD’s at the time but no sanctions or threats of war were opposed on them like Iraq. Even though the Bush administration denied anything to do with oil in Iraq there was still a threat that the Iraqi regime could threaten oil
The U.S. and Iran used to have a great relationship back in the day. President Jimmy Carter even spent New Year 's Eve in 1977 with the Shah, and toasted Iran as "an island of stability in one of the more troubled areas of the world".(Bakhtavar) This just goes to show how close the two countries were at the time. But all that changed later into the 1970’s when a series of unfortunate events eventually lead to the complete deterioration of US and Iran relations. These events shifted U.S. Iran relations in a way that still impacts both countries. Even to this day the US have expressed their dislike of the Iranian regime. Similarly, the Iranian leaders have shown their dislike, more like hatred, for the United States. But that brings up the
On 17 July 1990 Saddam Hussain accused Kuwait of overproduction and oil theft from the Rumailia Oil Field, located in the Euphrates Valley of southern Iraq. Furthermore, as a result of the Iraq/Iran war, Saddam Hussain had incurred a great amount of debt for Iraq. After confirming from the US Ambassador to Iraqi Forces, that the conflict between Iraq and Kuwait was an “Arab matter” and had nothing to do with the United States, on 2 August 1990 Iraqi Forces invade Kuwait. In his frustration, Saddam Hussain dispatched 120,000 soldiers and 2,000 tanks to Kuwait (History.com, 2015). Due to the threat of a vital interest to the United States, specifically the oil produced in the Persian Gulf, with the permission of the King of Saudi Arabia,
On September 11, 1990, President George Herbert Walker Bush outlined the reasons why America had the duty to intervene in the Persian Gulf. On January 1991, the United States went to war in what was named Operation Desert Storm to stop the dictator Saddam Hussein, who had invaded Kuwait and was moving towards Saudi Arabia. President Bush believed that the United States, together with other twenty nations, had to put an end to inhuman behaviors and to aggressions brought upon countries by dictators. America had to maintain its role of economic power in the world and protect world’s precious resources such as oil. It was necessary to help Kuwait’s government by making Iraqi forces back down and leave the territory. In fact, Iraq was putting at sake the security of the Persian Gulf, and something needed to be
Another key characteristic of moral panics is the manifestation of a disproportionate or distorted threat. The threat is necessary to increase public fear, which in turn hinders opposition to the leader's policy. This was clearly evident in the escalation to war, where the Bush administration constantly overstated the danger presented by Hussein's continued rule. When the issue was weapons of mass destruction, the administration fabricated evidence wholesale. British intelligence plagiarized graduate student reports in its fabled ‘Saddam dossier.' When the issues were ties to terrorist organizations, a dubious story about Saddam's agents meeting Mohammed Atta in Prague was circulated and attained the level of concrete fact, at least as far
More so, before ambitious Saddam Hussein invaded Kuwait on August 2, 1990, a deeply rooted crisis has already existed between both countries as expressed by the former US secretary of state Condoleezza Rice. When she said “sooner or later the ambitions and behavior of Saddam Hussein and the interest of the United states are going to clash”
Persian Gulf War, also called Gulf War, (1990–91), international conflict that was triggered by Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait on August 2, 1990. Iraq’s leader, Saddam Hussein, ordered the invasion and occupation of Kuwait with the apparent aim of acquiring that nation’s large oil reserves, canceling a large debt Iraq owed Kuwait, and expanding Iraqi power in the region1. The Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein claimed as a reason for the invasion a territorial dispute over the Shatt al-Arab, the waterway which forms the boundary between the two countries2. Saddam Hussein believed that Iran was in turmoil and that his forces could achieve quick victory3.