Safety Culture vs Safety Climate

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Contents Introduction 2 3.1 Safety Culture 3 3.2 Safety Climate 5 3.3 Culture versus Climate 6 3.4 Why is addressing culture, being promoted as the panacea to the problem of health and safety performance, particularly in the construction industry? 8 3.5 Can culture be measured in an organisation? If so, how can it be measured? 9 3.6 What are the factors/components of culture? 10 3.7 How can health and safety culture be promoted in an organisation? 12 References 18 Introduction Health and Safety until very recently have been terms and conditions that have been overlooked by many industry participants. Companies don’t want have to spend their money and time on something they feel does not contribute directly to the production process and…show more content…
According to Wiegmann et al. (2007:3) there are several commonalities among the various definitions of safety culture across industries and authors. Based on the commonalties among definitions, a global definition of safety culture can be formulated, which is: Safety culture is the enduring value and priority placed on worker and public safety by everyone in every group at every level of an organization. It refers to the extent to which individuals and groups will commit to personal responsibility for safety, act to preserve, enhance and communicate safety concerns, strive to actively learn, adapt and modify (both individual and organizational) behavior based on lessons learned from mistakes, and be rewarded in a manner consistent with these values (Wiegmann et al., 2002: 8) From the above definition its can be seen that safety culture is assumed to be already existing within in all companies and companies can have a good or poor safety culture. Wiegmann et al. further state that not all definitions in the literature make this assumption. Some suggest that safety culture is either present or absent within an organization. Obviously, such a distinction is important when it comes to both measuring and changing safety cultures within organizations (Wiegman et al., 2002: 8). Although definitions may vary slightly, there is a consensus that safety culture portrays a proactive stance towards safety (Lee
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