Sahara Desert

1104 WordsMar 19, 20025 Pages
Sahara Desert The Sahara Desert is the world's largest desert area. The word Sahara comes from the Arabic word sahra', meaning desert. It extends from the Africa's Atlantic Ocean side to the Red Sea and consists of the countries of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Chad, and Sudan. It is about 5,200 miles long. Overall, the Sahara Desert covers 3,500,000 square miles. The geography of the desert is varied. In the west, the Sahara is rocky with varied elevation. It does contain underground rivers, which sometime penetrate the surface, resulting in oases. The central region of the Sahara has more elevation than the other areas, with peaks such as Emi Koussi and Tahat. Even though the area lacks rainfall,…show more content…
Plant and animal life is not as abundant in the Sahara as it is in other deserts. The grasses, shrubs, and trees that grow in parts of the Sahara have adapted in order to live in the dry conditions there. Plants of the Sahara obtain water in various ways. Some have long roots that reach deep into the soil and absorb moisture. Others take moisture from the air through their leaves. Some of the mammal species found within the Sahara are the gerbil, jerboa, Cape hare, the desert hedgehog, Dorcas gazelle, deer, common jackal, and the mongoose. The Sahara also contains over 300 species of migratory bird populations along with water and shore birds and various other types of birds. Some of the most common birds are ostriches, raptors, secretary birds, guinea fowl, desert eagles and, sand larks. Numerous types of reptiles - including frogs, toads, and crocodiles - can be found within the Sahara's lakes and pools of water, while lizards, chameleons, skinks, and cobras are to be found among the dunes and rocks. Among the reptiles in the Sahara's rivers and pools can be found snails, brine and algae shrimp, plus other types of crustaceans. Most desert animals can go for long periods of time without water. They get the water from the plants that they eat. Many of the small animals stay in their burrows during the day to avoid the heat. They search for food at night. The Sahara

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