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Sahel Climate

Satisfactory Essays
The Sahel is an area in Africa which suffers droughts and it is hard to grow crops due to the hot climate. Seasonal shifts there lead to decreased rainfall and the drought tolerant maize helps farmers adapt to climate change.
The Sahel is the transition zone in Africa. It has a great typical ecoclimatic and biogeographic reflection of a semi-arid climate. It is located between the Sahara to the north and the Sudanian Savanna which was historically called the Sudan region to the south.[1] The Sahel crosses the south-central latitudes of Northern Africa between the Atlantic Ocean and the Red Sea. And the Sahel has a tropical, hot steppe climate which means the climate there is typically hot, sunny, dry and there are winds all year long. The cause of the hot weather is that the Sahel has a high to very high sunshine duration year-round while the Sahel is near the equator. It has annual sunshine duration between 2,700 hours which is more than about 61% of the daylight hours on other places and 3,500 hours which is more than 79% of the daylight hours. The sunshine duration in the Sahel approaches desert levels, and is comparable to that in the Arabian Desert, even though the Sahel is only a steppe and not a desert. Also the cloud cover of the Sahel is low to very low.[2] Because of the above reasons, the climate is generally hot, with unreliable rains across different seasons. The dry season is usually from October to
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It is the Drought Tolerant Maize for Africa project which also called DTMA. People in developed countries set up this project to decrease the level of drought and other constraints to maize production in sub-Saharan Africa, so that they could increase maize yields by at least one ton per hectare under moderate drought and with a 20 to 30% increase over farmers’ current yields, benefiting 30-40 million people in 13 African countries.[4] The project made many Africans life better and improved the
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