Saint Augustine 's Influence On The Development Of Western Christianity And Western

1220 WordsMar 20, 20165 Pages
Saint Augustine, also known as Augustine of Hippo was an early Christian philosopher and theologian. He was born on November the 13th, 354 CE in Thagaste and died on August the 28th, 430 CE in Hippo Regius. Saint Augustine 's writings and works have had a profound influence on the development of Western Christianity and Western philosophy. Augustine was born in the municipium of Thagaste (now Souk Ahras, Algeria) in Roman Africa. His mother was a devout Christian while his father was a Pagan who later converted to Christianity on his deathbed. Some scholars believe that Augustine 's ancestors included Latins and Phoenicians (Catholic Online). Aurelius, Augustine 's family name, suggests that his father 's ancestors were freedmen of the gens Aurelia given full Roman citizenship by the Edict of Caracalla in 212 (Catholic Online). Augustine 's family had been Roman from a legal standpoint for at least a century by the time he was born. It is believed that his mother (whose name was Monica) was of Berber origin, due to the basis of her name, but as his family were honestiores, an upper class of citizens who were known as honorable men, Augustine 's first language was most likely Latin. At the age of 11, Augustine was sent to school at Madaurus, a small Numidian city a couple miles south of Thagaste. He became familiar with Latin literature during his attendance, as well as many pagan beliefs and practices.

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