Salmonella a Food Borne Illness Essay

705 Words Mar 18th, 2012 3 Pages
The food borne illness I have chosen is salmonella.

Question 1: What is the infectious agent (pathogen) that causes this infectious disease? The infectious agent (pathogen) that causes salmonella is called salmonella enteriditis. The bacteria is larger than a virus; but, is visible to the eye with the microscope. It is rod-shaped, gram negative, non-motile bacteria that does not form spores. Interestingly enough it communicates to its fellow bacteria via AHL. It infects the cell, multiplies within it; then, bursts the cell. Special effector protein factors are required for salmonella intestinal invasion and the induction of fluid secretion and for inflammatory responses. There are about six names species names of it, salmonella
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Sources:
Medical Author:
Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD
Medical Editor:
William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

Question 3: What is an example of a real life outbreak of this food borne illness in the United States?
Tainted turkey is the likely source of the latest salmonella outbreak. An antibiotic-resistant strain of salmonella has made its way into at least 26 states, killing one person and sickening 77. On Wednesday, the U.S. health officials were investigating the source of the outbreak, which they believe is tied to tainted ground turkey. The probe so far points to a single facility. The location of which is being withheld? That has produced three of four salmonella-infected ground turkey samples taken from four stores. The salmonella strain involved worries officials because it is resistant to common antibiotics, raising the risk of hospitalization and treatment failure, the CDC says. It is estimated that 1 of 6 Americans or 48 million people (roughly) get sick from food borne illnesses, 128,000 are hospitalized, and 3,000 die from food borne illnesses. When they find out that someone has come in contact with a food borne illness they try to alert the rest of the U.S and remove that food from the selves, so that no one else comes in contact with the infectious disease.
Sources:
WWW.OPPAPERS.COM

Question 4: What are the clinical symptoms, duration of the disease, and treatment of any?
• Possible signs and symptoms of salmonella are: nausea,
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