Essay Salvador Dali, the Painter

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Salvador Dali, the Painter 1904-1989

Salvador Dali was born on May 11, 1904 in Figueras, northern Catalonia, Spain. His father, Salvador Dali y Cusi, a state notary, was a dictatorial and passionate man. He was also fairly liberal minded, due to a short but intense period of renaissance, and he accepted his son's occupation as a painter without much resistance to the idea.
Salvador Dali exhibited many signs of marginality throughout his early years. Once Dali decided to become a painter, he concentrated fully on the intricicacies involved in the art. Dali was also a very temperamental and difficult child, who expected and received the fulfillment of his whims by his parents. When he attended school in Figuras starting at the age of
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Dali also began using different styles and mastered many techniques. For a brief period in 1920, after the death of Dali's mother, his works became gray and muted, full of sadness. Both these early paintings and those that follow all have strong links to Dali's Catalonian ancestry. Dali strongly loved the area of his youth, and most of his works reflect his sentiments.

In 1920 Salvador Dali was sent to the San Fernando Academy of Fine Arts in Madrid so that he could receive a diploma as professor of drawing. Dali soon came under the influence of such people and movements as Juan Gris, Seurat, Carlo Carra, the Italian Metaphysical School, and Picasso's Cubism. Dali began experimenting with Cubist painting using only the colors black, white, sienna red, and olive green. Salvador Dali also associated with other students in the Residence, a dormitory, forming a friendship with Garcia Lorca, among others. In 1923 Dali was suspended from the Academy for a year because he was suspected to have started a riot against the Academy board's choice for a professorship. Dali was further arrested and imprisoned in 1923 in Gerona because of political reasons. The government thought he was allies with the Catalonian separatist movement, yet Dali had always been apolitical throughout his entire life. Dali returned to the San Fernando Academy in 1925, but he was permanently expelled in 1926.

The Dalmau Gallery
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