Sample Bibliography On Uniform Resource Locator

1167 Words Oct 11th, 2015 5 Pages
Have you ever wondered that how would your mail and visitors would reach your home without your address? It is impossible to find a person without an address. Similarly on the Internet you will require an URL to locate a website. URL is short for Uniform Resource Locator. It is a global address for documents and websites on the World Wide Web.

URL is a specific type of URI (Uniform Resource Identifier). The general format of URL looks like scheme:[//[user:password@]domain[:port]][/]path[?query][#fragment]
The first part of an URL is scheme. Protocols like http, https, ftp, mailto, file and data that are registered with the IANA (Internet Assigned Numbers Authority) are used in the scheme. This part of the URL determines that the website should be accessed by using which protocol and what port. The accessing computer should have access to the website and the particular port (for e.g. Port 80 for HTTP) must be open. The double (//) forward slashes are optional. Then comes the username and password pair with @ which is required to access the domain’s backend using ftp protocol and you need user credentials to access. Domain name is like the name for this site. On the World Wide Web each computer has unique IP, and in order to access this computer or the data in that computer we would have to know its IP to establish a connection with this machine. However remembering an IP address (i.e. 192.168.0.1) is not easy so this IP addresses are linked with domain names which are…
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