Sanskrit

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Sanskrit संस्कृतम् saṃskṛtam Pronunciation [sə̃skɹ̩t̪əm] Spoken in Greater India Total speakers 14,135 native speakers in India (2001)[1] Language family Indo-European * Indo-Iranian o Indo-Aryan + Sanskrit Writing system Devanāgarī (de facto), various Brāhmī–based scripts, and Latin alphabet Official status Official language in India (Uttarakhand) one of the 22 scheduled languages of India Regulated by No official regulation Language codes ISO 639-1 sa ISO 639-2 san ISO 639-3 san Indic script . Sanskrit (संस्कृतम् saṃskṛtam, properly saṃskṛtā vāk, later also saṃskṛtabhāṣā, "refined speech"), is a historical Indo-Aryan language and the primary liturgical language of…show more content…
It is essentially a prescriptive grammar, i.e., an authority that defines (rather than describes) correct Sanskrit, although it contains descriptive parts, mostly to account for some Vedic forms the use of which had become rare in Pāṇini's time. The term "Sanskrit" was not thought of as a specific language set apart from other languages, but rather as a particularly refined or perfected manner of speaking. Knowledge of Sanskrit was a marker of social class and educational attainment in ancient India and the language was taught mainly to members of the higher castes, through close analysis of Sanskrit grammarians such as Pāṇini. Sanskrit, as the learned language of Ancient India, thus existed alongside the Prakrits (vernaculars), which evolved into the Middle Indic dialects, and eventually into the contemporary modern Indo-Aryan languages. [edit] Vedic Sanskrit Main article: Vedic Sanskrit Sanskrit, as defined by Pāṇini, had evolved out of the earlier "Vedic" form. The beginning of Vedic Sanskrit can be traced as early as around 1500 BCE (the accepted date of the Rig-Veda).[citation needed] Scholars often distinguish Vedic Sanskrit and Classical or "Pāṇinian" Sanskrit as separate 'dialects'. Though they are quite similar, they differ in a number of
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