Santol Peelings as Potential Source for Ethanol

2891 Words Mar 29th, 2014 12 Pages
Abstract - Today’s world poses an era where technology is both comfort and need. In the enjoyment of these benefits, energy has been harnessed mostly from non-renewable energy resources. While energy is surging in demand, by-products included pollution and other harmful effects. People need to shift their views to the alternative energy resources such as ethanol, alcohol extracted from fruits. Food consumption should never be sacrificed, therefore, using fruit wastes is wiser. Santol is locally abundant fruit with popularly eaten pulps and normally thrown peelings. The study focuses on extracting ethanol from Santol peelings, using white and brown sugar, and comparing it to the commercial in flame propagation, duration, temperature …show more content…
Testing was done using the extracted ethanol from the distillation procedure and also with the commercial one. The tests conducted were for the flame propagation, flame duration, temperature differences and heat content. In testing for the flame propagation, we used a 20-inch cotton strip. The cotton strip was fully dipped into the Erlenmeyer flask with the 3:2 ratio or 3ml of the santol ethanol and 2ml of unleaded gasoline mixture. The cotton absorbed all the liquid mixture. The wet cotton strip was then held on a flat surface and ignited from the tip using a match. The conduct of the flame duration and temperature differences was also done during the procedure. The procedure for the heat content was done after gathering the necessary data for the temperature differences
III. RESULTS

TABLE 1
FLAME DURATION OF THE EXPERIMENTAL AND COMMERCIAL ETHANOL FOR 40% CONCENTRATION

Trial
40% Ethanol Solution

Experimental
Commercial
1
53
51
2
47.7
60
3
52.83
52.26
4
73.17
57.06
5
59.63
58
Ave
57.266
55.664

The table shows the flame duration of the experimental and commercial ethanol for 40 % ethanol concentration.

TABLE 2
FLAME DURATION OF THE EXPERIMENTAL AND COMMERCIAL ETHANOL FOR 50% CONCENTRATION

Trial
50% Ethanol Solution

Experimental
Commercial
1
60.57
50
2
66.15
48
3
55.57
60.21
4
62
51.34
5
60
52.4
Ave
60.858
52.39

The table shows the flame duration of the experimental and commercial ethanol for 50 % ethanol concentration.

TABLE 3
FLAME DURATION
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