Sarbanes Oxley Act Of 2002 Essay

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Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 The financial crisis of the early 2000s left many investors and stockholders nervous about the accuracy of financial statements issued by public companies. The financial crisis resulted after many previously successful companies suddenly tanked due to restatement of their financials. These companies include Enron, Tyco, Sunbeam, Rite-Aid, Xerox and WorldCom amongst others (Kieso, 2014, p. 17). How could many previously successful companies suddenly go belly-up? The evidence was to be seen, these companies had used malicious accounting techniques to hide massive amounts of debts and increase their assets without having to show them accurately in a fair and honest way on their financial statements.
This paper will discuss the legislation that was enacted following these events. It is known as the Public Accounting Return and Investor Protection Act, better known as the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, and has been enacted since the year 2002 (Mishkin, 2012, p. 158). This Act is applicable to all public companies within the US as well as any international companies who have securities within the US registered with the SEC ("The Vendor-Neutral Sarbanes-Oxley Site", 2012). In this paper, it will be discussed why Sarbanes-Oxley was enacted and the key specifications.
Why Sarbanes-Oxley?
The Sarbanes-Oxley Act, which will now be referred to as SOX, was enacted essentially to curb conflicts of interest, thus reducing the expectations gap. The expectations gap
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