Saudi Arabia 's Education System

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Saudi Arabia’s education system has drastically changed. When the Kingdom was established in 1932, education was available to very few people, mostly the children of wealthy families living in the major cities. Today, Saudi Arabia’s education system includes 25 public and 27 private universities, some 30,000 schools and a large number of colleges and other institutions. The system is open to all citizens, and provides students with free education, books and health services. While the study of Islam remains at its core, the modern Saudi educational system also provides quality instruction in diverse fields of arts and sciences. This diversity helps the Kingdom prepare its citizens for life and work in a global economy. Education is a requirement for every Muslim, both male and female. The Holy Qur’an and the Hadith repeatedly emphasize the importance of learning. In the centuries after the birth of Islam (632 AD), Muslim states established schools, universities and libraries that were unique in the world. At a time when Europe was going through the Dark Ages, the Islamic world became a center for learning, making major contributions in the areas of astronomy, physics, art, philosophy, and medicine. It was a period known as the “Golden Age.”
Methods established by Muslim scholars and scientists during the Golden Age became the foundation of modern sciences, and were taught in European universities up to the 18th century. Formal primary education began in Saudi Arabia in the
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