Scales of Construct for Human Behavior

654 WordsFeb 22, 20183 Pages
Research psychologists developed scales of the construct to have a better understanding of the human behavior. Scales such as the James’ internal-external locus of control scale, Reid-Ware’s three-factor internal-external scale, multidimensional multiattributional causality scale, the Nowicki-Duke scale(Jerry), Rotter’s internal-external locus of control scale, and Levenson’s IPC Scale were widely used in research, with the latter the most commonly used measure (Halpert). Rotter developed the internal-external, which refers to the extent to which individuals believe their actions are controlled by their behavior, capacities, skills etc. Levenson then created a developed scale of Rotter’s. A study suggested that it would be better to use Levenson’s scale over Rotter’s due to the latter’s lack of performance (James r. Lumpkin). Questions were raised concerning the validity and reliability of each scale. Sapp and Harrod argued that Levenson’s locus of control scale was reliable and valid but that other researchers should also be conducted on other scales. They also argued that the broadness of the construct enables other studies to keep questioning its validity (Sapp and Harrod). Loci of control scales were applied in conducting many psychological researches in a variety of fields such as heath, parental, academic, age-specific, cultural, ethical etc. Results of the studies proved the importance of the construct and the scales used to measure it. Risk taking was also
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