Schemas And Stereotypes

Decent Essays
The way we process new information is, to a significant extent, determined by prior experience and knowledge stored in our memory. These memories are organized by schemas. Schemas are cognitive structures for organizing information about the world, events, people, and actions. Schemas are needed help us save time and reduce our minds’ workloads when interpreting the ample amount of information in the world. However, schemas may affect our memory and make us concentrate on things that affirm our pre-existing beliefs only. Schemas also affect stereotypes and make it difficult to retain completely new information. In this experiment, the study done by Bransford and Johnson (1972) will be replicated. Their participants heard a long speech, under
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