Schizophreni A Mental Illness

1199 Words5 Pages
Erica Miller
Chidubem Ike-Asogwa
Professor Crawley
April 17, 2017

Schizophrenia continues to create new challenges today and continue to be a complicated mental illness. Contrary to the misconception that Schizophrenia is a rare condition, it is not rare at all. ; each person has a risk of developing it within their lifetime. It is most common to psychoses and half of the inpatients in mental facilities are Schizophrenics. Schizophrenia is a brain disorder that can happen to anyone occurring in any culture, affecting men and women equally and all areas of functioning, including emotions, perception and behavior.
Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness that afflicts about 1% of the population at some point in their lifetime.
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Recently, some researchers have suggested that positive and negative symptoms may be caused by different neural mechanisms. It is important to mention that a reduction in displays of emotion does not necessarily imply that patients have less intense subjective emotional experiences than the average person. In fact, recent findings indicate that blunted emotional expressions can coexist with intense subjective feelings of emotion. According to DSM-IV, patients must show two or more of the preceding five symptoms to meet the diagnostic criteria for schizophrenia. Thus, no one of these symptoms is required for the diagnosis. Furthermore, the following four criteria must also be met: (1) the patient shows marked deterioration in occupational, interpersonal, or domestic functioning; (2) the patient manifests continuous signs of symptoms or dysfunction for at least 6 months; (3) the patient does not manifest predominant signs of mood disturbance (e.g., depression or mania); and (4) the symptoms are not caused by substance abuse or a primary medical condition.
The diagnostic criteria for schizophrenia are relatively broad, with no one essential symptom, there is a great deal of variability among patients in their symptom profiles. It has therefore been proposed that schizophrenia is a heterogeneous disorder with multiple causes. It is also the case, however, that patients must show a marked and persistent impairment to meet the diagnostic criteria for schizophrenia. Thus,
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