The term “schizophrenia” comes from the two Greek words “skhizo” (split) and “phren” (mind). The term was first coined in 1908 by a Swiss psychiatrist Eugen Bleuler. Schizophrenia is probably the most tragic, enigmatic and devastating mental disease that physiatric APN treat in their practices. Schizophrenia is a mental disease that is diagnosed in the early years of the patient that is inflicted by it. One of the many puzzling characteristics of schizophrenia is that men generally suffer from the mental illness more severely than do women. Symptoms appear in males years before they do in women, and men overall are less responsive to medication. Patients can live a long life after diagnosis unlike patients with heart disease or…show more content… It is known that schizophrenia has a hereditary component, with those who have a family member with the disease at an increased risk of developing it themselves. There are several genes that have been linked to a susceptibility to schizophrenia, but there doesn 't appear to be one single gene variation that causes the disease. Schizophrenia involves a variety of problems with cognitive skills, behaviors or emotions. Signs and symptoms may vary, but they reflect a reduced ability to function. Schizophrenia symptoms in adults might include delusions, disorganized thinking (speech), hallucinations, extremely disorganized or abnormal motor behavior, and negative symptoms. The premorbid personalities will often indicate some social maladjustment or schizoid and other disturbances in personalities. This type of premorbid behavior plays a role in development the and the diagnosis of schizophrenia, which is viewed in four phases.
Phase I is the premorbid phase and is marked by periods of normal functioning, even though these events can be a contributing factor to the development of the illness. Patients with schizophrenia may show no symptoms or may have impaired social competence, mild cognitive disorganization or perceptual distortion, a diminished capacity to experience pleasure (anhedonia), and other general coping deficiencies. (Townsend, M C.. 2009) The