Schizophreni The Common Psychiatric Disorder

1982 Words Mar 9th, 2015 8 Pages
History Schizophrenia is the most common psychiatric disorder worldwide. Affecting less than 1% of individuals (Pinel, 2013), the term we now call schizophrenia was originally classified as “dementia praecox” by Dr. Emile Kraepelin in 1887 (The History of Schizophrenia, 2010). Recent studies have concluded that schizophrenia was identified and can be traced as far back as to old Egypt. These findings have been noted that abnormal psychotic conditions were all treated the same and thought to have been caused by demonic possessions, which led to exorcisms and other atypical methods. Schizophrenia is most prevalently known as a disorder of madness. Kraepelin’s noteworthy discovery found that there was a significant difference between dementia praecox and excited, or manic, depression. However, his findings proved flawed in that his research focused on dementia and deterioration of the brain in young and elderly patients. In 1911, psychiatrist, Eugen Bleuler coined this condition as schizophrenia and continued to make significant advancement by distinguishing symptoms as positive or negative. “The word "schizophrenia" comes from the Greek roots schizo (split) and phrene (mind) to describe the fragmented thinking of people with the disorder”(The History of Schizophrenia, 2010). Continuous research based on clinical indications help to establish distinctive etiologies and causes of schizophrenia.
Epigenetic Causes The two most prevalent components of the epigenetics of…
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