Schizophrenia And Its Effects On Mental Illness Essay

1270 WordsOct 12, 20166 Pages
Schizophrenia Schizophrenia is a mental illness that interferes with a person’s ability to think clearly, manage emotions, decision making, and relate to others. It’s a long-term medical illness affecting 1% of Americans. The causes of schizophrenia include genetics, environment, brain chemistry, and substance abuse. Schizophrenia occurs roughly in 10%of people who have a first-degree relative with the disorder such as a parent or sibling. ("NAMI: National Alliance on Mental Illness | What is Schizophrenia?," n.d.) “Problems with certain brain chemicals, including neurotransmitters called dopamine and glutamate, may contribute to schizophrenia”. Schizophrenia can occur at any age, the average age of onset tends to be late teens to the 20s for men, and the late 20s to early 30s for women. ("NAMI: National Alliance on Mental Illness | What is Schizophrenia?," n.d.) It’s very rare for schizophrenia to be diagnosed in a person younger than 12 or older than 40. Comorbid factors in schizophrenia are depression, anxiety, and substance abuse these are more common than others. (Mosey, A. 1986) They are common throughout the course of the illness with a prevalence of 15% for panic attacks, 29% for posttraumatic stress disorder and 23% for obsessive compulsive disorder. Depression can cause secondary negative symptoms, panic attacks can drive paranoia and cannabis abuse can worsen positive and disorganization symptoms. Signs and symptoms of schizophrenia varies from person to person,
Open Document