Essay on Schizophrenia

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Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a metal illness which is characterized by a disruption in cognition and emotion that affects the most fundamental human attributes, such as thought, perception, language, and the sense of self. There are a large number of symptoms of schizophrenia which can include hearing internal voices, hallucinations, and delusions. No single symptom can diagnose a person as schizophrenic, but rather the collection of multiple symptoms which persist for a prolonged period of time. Symptoms of schizophrenia are divided into two categories, positive and negative. These categories define how the symptoms are defined and treated. Positive symptoms include delusions, hallucinations, disorganized
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Risperidone is a prescription medication that was approved by the FDA to treat bipolar 1 disorder; although it is used to treat schizophrenia as well. According to the makers of Risperidone it is designed to control symptoms of bipolar1 disorder, and schizophrenia
(risperdal). Risperidone is used to treat the positive symptoms of schizophrenia, but has been shown to help the symptoms of negative schizophrenia as well (NAMI-NYS). Risperidone is offered in 3 different forms, all of which are taken orally. The first form is a quick dissolving tablet offered in 3 strengths, .5mg, 1mg; 2mg.
Risperidone is also offered in tablet form in strengths ranging from
.25mg to 4mg, and a liquid form (risperdal). Risperidone is well tolerated and side-effects rarely occur according to the manufacturer
(risperdal). Risperidone like most anti-schizophrenic drugs has side- effects; some are temporary and will stop after the medication has been stopped, but others symptoms will never go away. Some of the possible temporary side-effects can include muscle stiffness, tremors, and body shakes, and at higher doses of risperidone, this side effect increases. While the most significant side effects, affecting some patients but not all include low blood pressure; dizziness, especially when standing up suddenly; sleepiness, lethargy, heart palpitations, constipation, weight…

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