Essay on Schizophrenia

1393 Words 6 Pages
Schizophrenia


Schizophrenia is a metal illness which is characterized by a
disruption in cognition and emotion that affects the most fundamental
human attributes, such as thought, perception, language, and the
sense of self. There are a large number of symptoms of schizophrenia
which can include hearing internal voices, hallucinations, and
delusions. No single symptom can diagnose a person as schizophrenic,
but rather the collection of multiple symptoms which persist for a
prolonged period of time. Symptoms of schizophrenia are divided into
two categories, positive and negative. These categories define how
the symptoms are defined and treated. Positive symptoms include
delusions, hallucinations, disorganized
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Risperidone is a prescription medication that was approved by the FDA
to treat bipolar 1 disorder; although it is used to treat
schizophrenia as well. According to the makers of Risperidone it is
designed to control symptoms of bipolar1 disorder, and schizophrenia
(risperdal). Risperidone is used to treat the positive symptoms of
schizophrenia, but has been shown to help the symptoms of negative
schizophrenia as well (NAMI-NYS). Risperidone is offered in 3
different forms, all of which are taken orally. The first form is a
quick dissolving tablet offered in 3 strengths, .5mg, 1mg; 2mg.
Risperidone is also offered in tablet form in strengths ranging from
.25mg to 4mg, and a liquid form (risperdal). Risperidone is well
tolerated and side-effects rarely occur according to the manufacturer
(risperdal). Risperidone like most anti-schizophrenic drugs has side-
effects; some are temporary and will stop after the medication has
been stopped, but others symptoms will never go away. Some of the
possible temporary side-effects can include muscle stiffness,
tremors, and body shakes, and at higher doses of risperidone, this
side effect increases. While the most significant side effects,
affecting some patients but not all include low blood pressure;
dizziness, especially when standing up suddenly; sleepiness,
lethargy, heart palpitations, constipation, weight…