Schizophrenia Essay

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Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a specific type of psychosis. It is a disorder distinguished by disturbances within thought patterns, attention and also emotion. It can also result in a complete lack of emotional expressiveness, or on occasions inappropriate ones. Every now and then it may cause disturbances in the patient’s movement and or behaviour, resulting in an unkempt appearance.
For quite a long time schizophrenia was perceived as a ‘functional disorder’ with some doctors saying it was a ‘sociological phenomenon’ (Gelder et al 1989) meaning’ patients with schizophrenia are normal people who are driven insane by an insane world’.
Schizophrenics may often be withdrawn from other people and usual everyday reality, frequently
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The rate of substance abuse is very high (Fowler et al, 1998) perhaps a reflection of an attempt to achieve a little relief from many negative emotions that schizophrenics deal with. Therefore it is no wonder at all that the suicide rate among people with schizophrenia is so high.
The symptom of schizophrenia also has a profound impact on the lives of family and friends. The delusions and hallucinations that are had cause much distress and made far worse by the fact that all hopes and dreams have been demolished.
Schizophrenia is a very severe disorder its lifetime predominance is just under 1 percent, but it affects men a little more often than it does women. (Walker et al. 2004) Schizophrenia can begin in early childhood but is usually more apparent in later adolescence or early on in adulthood, and again this usually occurs earlier in men than women.
Although there is an extensive range of symptoms relating to schizophrenia, people with this disorder usually only display a small number of them at any given time. The DSM-IV-TR suggest that not one single symptom is essential in the diagnosis. This shows how people with schizophrenia can be so dissimilar.
Around thirty years ago the symptoms of schizophrenia were split into two groups. These were names positive and negative. There is now a clear distinction between the symptoms of positive, negative and disorganized; these separations

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