Schizophrenia/Psychosis/Life Span

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Schizophrenia and Psychosis and Life Span Development

Shanda Walton

University of Phoenix

October 20, 2008

Schizophrenia translates as split mind and the psychological changes can be so profound that the affected individual is thrust into a world that bears little resemblance to everyday experience. The person with schizophrenia lives in an internal world marked by thought processes that have gone awry; delusions, hallucinations, and generally disordered thinking become the norm.
Hansell and Damour (2005) states:
Psychosis is a state of being profoundly out of touch with reality. Psychotic individuals may experience hallucinations and/ or delusions (p.393). Psychosis can occur in many mental disorders, and is most
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Mental retardation is one of the few disorders that is usually present at birth and persists throughout life" (Hansell & Damour, 2005, p.441).
Learning disorders involves individuals suffering from trouble with a specific kind of academic skill.
Pervasive developmental disorders are severe impairments in several areas of development.
"Attention deficit and disruptive behavior disorders include three diagnoses: attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, and conduct disorder. All three of these disorders are characterized by externalizing behaviors in which children "act out" and fail to conform to the behavioral standards of their homes, school, and communities" (Hansell & Damour, 2005, p.454).
Oppositional defiant disorder involves consistently negativistic, hostile, and defiant behavior that is very disruptive with behavior.
Separation anxiety disorder involves excessive anxiety concerning separation from home or attachment figures, usually parents.
The disorders that affect old age include delirium and dementia. "Delirium is an acute cognitive disorder involving disruptions in attention, and changes to cognitive capacity such as memory loss, disorientation, or language problems. Dementia is a progressive cognitive disorder usually seen
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