School As A Context For Development

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Schools as a Context for Development “Environmental influence during the first few years of life is crucial to all later abilities, especially intellectual ones”(Lightfoot et al., 2013, p.437). In the United States many children don’t receive an excellent education due to living in neighborhoods that are economically poor, typically where many minority children grow up. Children usually learn through social enhancement, imitation and explicit instruction that are provided in their culture from their families. The children who come from low-income backgrounds are found to do poorly in subjects, as well as standardize testing. Some thoughts are whether standardized testing discriminates against ethnic minority students and students from low income backgrounds, which usually rank below from other students in other socioeconomic status. Formal education is shown through daily activities, that value cultural skills and knowledge that focuses on the child to solve everyday problems based on experience. This learning background causes the learning at home to be significantly different than at school, where they are taught to solve problems through theoretical reasoning. Children come to school with what is known as school readiness, the academic knowledge they bring into the classroom that was already provided by their families, community and culture. “Schools are challenged by the increasing cultural and linguistic diversity of the students they serve”(Lightfoot et al.,
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