School Busing: The Change of the Racial Climate in Louisville, Kentucky

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School Busing: the Change of the Racial Climate in Louisville, Kentucky Educational systems are put into place to teach leaders of our future. They are there to instil lessons socially and intellectually, yet are often used in political issues throughout history. In the United States, we have seen these systems used in the ongoing debate of racial desegregation. In the era of the Civil Rights Movement and the search for equality in each city, Louisville, Kentucky became a main focus in this debate. At a time where racial attitudes became increasingly negative, in both black and white people, the need for change became even more evident. The backlash of the plan of busing for desegregation made many Americans weary of positive change, but as we see, overtime it paved the way for a desegregated city. Today, many people still living in Louisville have experienced and are sensitive to their personal feelings about this era in history. My thesis is that Louisville, Kentucky’s 1975 desegregation plan, implemented in the city-wide busing initiative to integrate schools, affected the city’s overall, lasting racial climate. I will explain the events in Louisville leading up to 1975 and argue that the positive and negative outcomes of busing still effect those people, and their children, to this day. One of the main arguments for desegregations was housing. Following the Civil War and World War II, there was surges in both white and black citizens. During these dramatic rises in

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