School Choice Policies Affect Individual Students And Neighborhoods

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A rising concern in recent educational policy is whether and how school choice policies affect individual students and neighborhoods. School choice policies have the ability to influence where people choose to live, and may influence the prevalence and rate of gentrification. Gentrification, a term coined by sociologist Ruth Glass (1964), is characterized by the middle class moving into a working-class space, taking up residence, opening businesses, lobbying for infrastructure improvements, and consequently uplifting the social status of that neighborhood. Whereas there has emerged a growing body of research concerning the effects of charter, magnet, and private schools on the academic success of disadvantaged minorities, not a lot has been done to investigate the effects of these schools on gentrification patterns. Many charter schools operate on a lottery system, in which students are chosen randomly if the number of applicants exceeds the number of spots available. However, some charter schools give preference to neighborhood residents, and this could affect where a gentrifying family decides to live. This study aims to understand whether and how schools that give preference to neighborhood residents affect the surrounding community and patterns of gentrification. Understanding these trends could be imperative to future policy changes and could help close the educational gap among children of varying socioeconomic status. LITERATURE REVIEW Although there has been a
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