School Climate And Culture Have A Great Impact On Student Achievement And Behavior

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School climate and culture have a great impact on student achievement and behavior. When using the terms school climate and school culture, one needs to understand the similarities and differences between the two. School climate is “the quality and character of school life – fosters children’s development, learning and achievement (NSCC, 2007, p. 2). School culture, on the other hand, is determined by the values, shared beliefs, and behavior of all the stakeholders within the school community, such as students, staff, parents and the community. Both of these words effect the school community and are a factor in student success. But while they are alike, they have different focuses. When discussing school climate, one focuses on the school itself, the building, the atmosphere, etc. When discussing the school culture, one focuses on the specific stakeholders within the school, students, staff, parents and the community. While both focus on different parts of the school system, both are critical to school community so it “has a shared vision and plan for promoting, enhancing and sustaining a positive school climate (Cohen, 2010, p. 28). The benchmarks that have been established by the National School Climate Center, “provide a framework to begin to define what we can and need to do to support children and adolescents developing in healthy ways and learning” (Carter, 2011, pp. 3-4). School culture is one of the most complex and important concepts in education. In
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