School Districts Are Financially Struggling And Looking For Ways For Saving Money

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School districts are financially struggling and looking for ways to save money. One of the methods that they have implemented is to decrease the number of students in Special Education classes by using inclusion, also called mainstreaming, by having the students included in general education classes. A districts Average Per Pupil Expenditure (APPE) can vary significantly for Special Education. The services are defined in each student’s Individual Education Plan (IEP). Whereas one student’s IEP might mandate a single service, another may require several services and accommodations that involve multiple teachers, specialists, personal aides as well as additional meetings. Inclusion of special education students, in public schools, is more costly to school districts and is not effective enough to justify the cost.
Since the Individual with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) was finalized, in October, 2006, there has been a push to transition special education students into general education classes. This places additional pressure on the general education teachers and their school districts, who are expected to prepare them. Before a district can initiate the change there are several issues that need to be addressed. Districts are supposed to provide specialized professional training that prepares a general teacher would need to be funded at the district level, unfortunately, many districts can’t afford it. As noted by Allison Gulamhussein, in many districts,

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