Sci Week Answers

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SCI 220 chapter 1 What is a definition for nutrition? Nutrition is the science that links foods to health and disease.  Play audio for this term  What does the subject of nutrition include? The subject of nutrition includes the processes by which the human organism ingests, digests, absorbs, transports, and excretes food substances.  What is the benefit of food to the body? Food provides the energy in the form of calories as well as the materials needed to build and maintain all body cells.  What is the benefit of nutrition to the body? Nutrients are the substances obtained from food that are vital for growth and maintenance of a healthy body throughout life.  What is one classification of nutrients?…show more content…
is due to Cardiovascular disease? Diabetes mellitus is a group of diseases characterized by high blood glucose.and the disease accounts for 3.1% of total deaths in the U.S.  What are the different types of diabetes? The different types of diabetes are type 1 and type 2.  What is the difference between type1 and type 2 diabetes? Type 1 diabetes involves insufficient or no release of the hormone insulin by the pancreas and therefore requires daily insulin therapy while Type 2 diabetes results from either insufficient release of insulin or general inability of insulin to act on certain body cells, such as muscle cells and may or may not require insulin therapy.  What are some important terms that are associated with nutrition? Some important terms that are associated with nutrition are: Cholesterol, Chronic, Kilocalorie (kcal), Obesity, Osteoporosis, and Risk factor  What is cholesterol? Cholesterol is a waxy lipid found in all body cells; it has a structure containing multiple chemical rings and is found only in foods of animal origin.  What does the word "chronic" mean? The word chronic means long-standing, developing over time.  What does the word "chronic" mean when referring to a disease? When referring to disease, the word "chronic" indicates that the disease process, once developed, is slow and
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