Financial ratio analysis is a valuable tool that allows one to assess the success, potential failure or future prospects of the company (Bazley 2012). The ratios are helpful in spotting useful trends that can indicate the warning signs of
6. The financial riskiness of SciTronics increased between 2005 and 2008 as demonstrated by its higher debt-to-equity ratio. However this does not seem to pose a problem for the company as it actually managed to improve its margin of protection for creditors (it is now able to generate $13 in income for each $1 of interest, versus a previous 10 times interest earned).
5. SciTronics owed its supplies $6,000 at year end 2008. This represents 8.1 percent (6,000/74,000) of cost of goods sold and was a decrease from 11.63% (5,000/43,000) at year end 2005. The company appears to be more prompt in paying its suppliers in 2008 than it was in 2005.
In the case of Assessing a Company’s Future Financial Health, the case concentration is on SciTronics, a medical device company, performance measures based on the organization’s three primary financial data sources in Exhibit 1 & 2. Utilizing the 9 steps of corporate financial system, I will be able to analyze the financial health of the company to assess whether it will remain balance over the ensuing 3-5 years. The measures are grouped by focusing on “Financial Ratios” such as: 1.) profitability measures, 2) activity measures, and 3) leverage and liquidity measures. Using the financial data sources, I would be able to make recommendations regarding SciTronics 126 million loan request.
Ratios of ten companies are presented in this study. The companies are all headquartered in the United States and the financial statements are the most recent annual financials for the respective fiscal years ending in 1999 or 2000.
Financial ratios are great indicators to find a firm’s performance and financial situation. Most of the ratios are able to be calculated through the use of financial statements provided by the firm itself. They show the relationship between two or more financial variables that can be used to analyze trends and to compare the firm’s financials with other companies to further come up with market values or discount rates, etc.
The company’s debt ratios are 54.5% in 1988, 58.69% in 1989, 62.7% in 1990, and 67.37% in 1991. What this means is that the company is increasing its financial risk by taking on more leverage. The company has been taking an extensive amount of purchasing over the past couple of years, which could be the reason as to why net income has not grown much beyond several thousands of dollars. One could argue that the company is trying to expand its inventory to help accumulate future sales. But another problem is that the company’s
4. SciTronics had net fix assets of $18,000 (net fix assets) and sales of $244,000 in 2008. Its fixed asset turnover ratio in 2008 was 13.56 (244,000/18,000), a deterioration from 16.33 (147,000/9,000) in 2005.
Also, according to its leverage ratios, the company’s debts are not only very high, but are also increasing. Its decreasing TIE ratio indicates that its capability to pay interests is decreasing. The company’s efficiency ratios indicate that despite the fact that its fixed assets are increasingly being utilized to generate sales during the years 1990-1991 as indicated by its increasing fixed asset turnover ratio, the decreasing total assets turnover indicate that overall the company’s total assets are not efficiently being put to use. Thus, as a whole its asset management is becoming less efficient. Last but not the least, based on its profitability ratios, the company’s ability to make profit is decreasing.
The Debt-Equity Ratio shows that most of the capital was in terms of ordinary shares and is becoming more reliant on Shareholders Equity than on debt to finance operations.
The calculation of ratios is the calculation technique for analyzing a company’s financial performance that divides or standardize one accounting measure by another economically relevant measure. Financial ratios can be used as a tool to demonstrate financial statement users for making valid comparisons of firm operating performance, over time for the same firm and between comparable companies. External investors are mostly interested in gaining insights about a firm’s profitability, asset management, liquidity, and solvency.
The financial data of company does not tell us the entire position of an organisation and its performance over the year or certain period of time for comparative purposes. Therefore, the use of ratios
The long-term liquidity risk ratio such as LT debt/Equity, D/E, and Total Liabilities to Total Assets all show a decline from year 2005 due to the repayment of debts. The interest coverage ratio also shows a healthy number of 29.45 in comparison to the industrial average of 15.04 indicating a high ability to pay out its interest expense. Such a low relative risk is not surprising due to the nature of its business depending heavily in R&D development and large intangible assets.