Science and Form Modem Psychology

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1. Argue that psychology's roots began 2000 years ago. Now argue that they began 200 years ago. What fields came together to form psychology?

Psychology viewed as an old discipline. Psychology can trace its roots to the 5 century BC to the Greek philosophers such as Plato, Aristotle and Socrates, because we grapple with the same questions they attempted to answer. On the other hand, we could view psychology as emerging when philosophy and physiology merged to include experimentation and empirical methods to answer those questions about 200 years ago. Thus, it also viewed as a new discipline in 1879, which the approach taken to study make psychology became a science and distinguish from the older discipline philosophy and form modem
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There were contextual forces as well as work in America to foster the growth of applied psychology. The number of people with a Ph. D. in psychology rose and there were not enough academic positions to employ them, and when one attained a teaching job many administrations did not value (or fund) psychology programs. As psychology was a newest science when compared to physics and chemistry…received smallest financial support, so need to proof that psychology is useful in solving social, educational and industrial problem in order to improve budgets. An emerging societal problem was a dramatic increase in public school enrollment, which opened doors for some psychologists. Thus, the focus of psychology shifted towards the application in solving real-world problem.


[Why established in German?

 Its intellectual history – scientific rather than philosophic.
 Germany temperament emphasized on inductive approach rather than philosophical deduction, and this enhanced psychology developed as a hard science.
 It also had a broader definition of science.
 Economic condition ensured that universities were well-financed with highly paid faculty and advanced laboratory equipment
 Academic freedom allowed teachers and students free to choose what they wanted to teach and learn.
 More jobs with well-paid available
 Ideal environment…………………]

– Founder of new psychology (experimental).
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