Science as a Discipline: Notes

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Background and What is Science- The word science comes from the Latin work scientia, meaning knowledge. Essentially, science is a way to build and organize knowledge by using testable explanations, predictions, experimentations, and summarizations about the universe (Heilbron, 2003). For students, science should not be about facts, but more about the method for inquiry about those facts; and moving from the rote to the higher levels of thinking. Instead of knowledge (rote memorization and accumulation of facts), intelligence is taking what we know (experience), applying it to the task or issue at hand, but the creating and evaluating that information for new paths and judgments. Intelligence in the modern world is less what you know and more how you apply what you know to a new problem. Modern classrooms hopefully focus more on moving up the hierarchy of learning, moving beyond the rote, and asking students the major questions: What, Why and So What? This is the training that will result in an educated populous; the ability to quickly assimilate large amounts of information, take that information and critically analyze it, and then synthesize a set of new results from that information (Bloom's Taxonomy, 2012). The three components to science are: method, modeling, and narrative. This may be defined as: Method the scientific method, how we find out about our world, how we inquire Modeling how we set up a model, paradigm or map of the way the world/universe works

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