Scientific Ethical Controversy Over Male Circumcision

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SCIENTIFIC ETHICAL CONTROVERSY OVER MALE CIRCUMCISION Debate Topic Description: Male circumcision is an old traditional practice where the foreskin of the penis is removed by surgical means. The practice also has religious significance in a number of communities. The practice is less common in the West because of a poor awareness of the medical benefits. Recent research has shown that male circumcision significantly lowers the risk of infections and sexually transmitted diseases, AIDS in particular. However, male circumcision surgeries are expensive because of limited support in public health care programs. Resolution: The government should increase the support for male circumcision in Medicare and other health care programs to reduce the cost for parents and to improve the health outcomes for the infant. Scientific Background to Male Circumcision According to The Columbia Encyclopedia (2012), circumcision is a surgical procedure for removing the foreskin that covers the head (also known as glans) of the penis. Circumcision is practiced widely in the Middle East and other parts of the world with Jewish and Muslim populations. The practice is a part of Jewish religious practices while it is a traditional practice among the Muslims. Circumcision has also been common in the United States although it has declined considerably in recent decades. Circumcision is administered to infant boys while this is not mandatory in the cultures where it is practiced. Local anesthesia
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