Scientific Management

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'Federic Taylor 's Scientific Management reflects an approach to managing that is no longer appropriate for today’s managers '.

Critically evaluate this statement with particular reference to an example from workspace with which you are familiar. Guidance: Many management textbooks claim that Taylor 's ideas are no longer appropriate, but consider whether an organization can operate without clear rules, hierarchy and division of labor. Many large and successful organizations, such as McDonalds hamburger chain or call centers, appear to use a modern version of scientific management. It would also be a good idea to consider whether these sort of generalizations can be applied in a global manner, or whether they tend to reflect the
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Using these three reasons Taylor developed the four principles of the scientific management [4]:
• Develop a science for each element of a man’s work and replace the “rule-of-thumb” method.
• Scientifically select, train and develop workers instead of allowing them to choose their own tasks, decide the best way to complete the job and carry out their own training.
• Provide "Detailed instruction and supervision of each worker in the performance of that worker 's discrete task" [5].
• Split the work in the same proportions between the management and workers. Managers will use the scientific methods to plan and organize the work and workers will actually perform the tasks.

The productivity under Taylor’s method dramatically increased and costs of the manufactured goods were reduced by 1/10 to 1/20 of the previous manufactured cost. These changes allowed more people to purchase the goods [6]. It looks like the scientific management theory was the perfect solutions to the problems in organizations in the 20th century. But is scientific management appropriate in a modern world? The next section will look at pros and cons of this theory and the use of scientific management in today’s organizations.

The appropriateness of Scientific Management for today’s managers
Taylor’s functions of management highlighted the importance of carefully practicing

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