Scientific Principles Of Health And Disease

1539 Words Mar 12th, 2015 7 Pages
HES 1823 – Scientific Principles of Health and disease

Endometriosis: A Disease That Could Stop A Dream For A Family

Natalia Migliaccio

Many people have experienced a disease or disorder sometime in their lifetime. Chronic diseases and disorders can range from a variety of factors. A specific chronic disease that millions of women encounter worldwide is endometriosis. The exact cause of endometriosis is unclear but often encountered in women through genetics and environmental factors. Furthermore, the significance of endometriosis is commonly associated with and thought to be the cause of pelvic pain and infertility (Giudice and Kao 1789). Endometriosis is a disorder where the endometrial tissue, which is the innermost lining of the uterus, that is shed during menstruation. In other words, endometriosis is when tissue has managed to move outside the uterine cavity. Once the tissue is outside the uterus, it can attach to any structure and then develop adhesions. Adhesions are, fibrous like fibers that form between organs and tissues, which are often known as scar tissue build up. This misplaced tissue can cause several symptoms such as, menstrual pain, pain during sexual intercourse, uterine abnormalities such as vaginal bleeding, severe cramps, and problems with fertility (“Endometriosis”). According to Child and Lin Tan, prevalence rates of endometriosis in fertile women are 0.5 to 5% and 25-40% in infertile women (1736). However, due to different…
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