Scope And Complexity Of The Aviation Transportation Industry

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The size, scope and complexity of the aviation transportation industry is one that requires cooperation on local, state and federal levels, as well as, international agreements of cooperation in its ability to monitor, gather information, investigate, defend and recover from attacks against the industry. Elias (2010) states that the roles for which each entity is responsible is guided by specific authorities, existing laws and regulations and the availability of assets and capabilities. Prior to 9/11, the security of aviation infrastructure was left largely to the FAA, with each airport and airline having in place security systems while, at the same time, maintaining profit margins. Prior to 9/11, airport security designs had not changed in decades and were focused more on the protection of assets.

One of the major criticisms following 9/11 was the failure of the government and industry stakeholders to jointly anticipate and quickly respond as there was existing intelligence available from many sources which would have suggested the presence of an imminent threat. The U.S. Patriot Act helped to break the perceived wall which prevented the sharing of information and which led to many of the intelligence failures. As a result, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) was created in order to streamline and merge existing federal agencies with either overlapping jurisdictions or disparate functions. The DHS functions are primarily the coordination of aviation law

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