Scottish Devolution Essay examples

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Devolution is the transfer of powers from a central body to subordinate regional bodies. In Scotland, Devolution was set up to restore legitimacy to a system of government that reflected Scottish preferences. The reason behind the demand for Scottish self-government is that Scotland had the historic status of nationhood before the Union of 1707 and within the Union, has a different set of legal, educational and religious institutions that reinforce a Scottish identity.

The Scottish National Party (SNP) was founded In 1934 and In 1960 was found oil in the North Sea, what changed the Scottish public opinion about the Union as the main cause to join it was economical; having oil would suppose economical independence from England.
In 1967
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In October 1974 is was held another elections and the SNP representation in the Parliament raised to 11 seats. The Labour Government became weaker and started to prepare the legal situation for the incoming Referendum. The Government failed in amend a bill for Scotland and Wales Devolution, but it was introduced a separate amendment which made necessary the 40% of the eligible Scottish electorate to vote “yes” for the effective devolution of powers, that was known as the Cunningham Amendment. The 1st of March of 1979 it was held a referendum and “Yes” won but with not enough representation to reach the 40% needed to start the Scottish devolution.

Scottish devolution was defeated in the referendum and the two biggest parties campaigned for “No”. The SNP considered the results as a victory for devolution but was against the referendum as they were campaigning about the complete independence.

In 1977 a Labour Member of Parliament introduced a important issue, a question that was called “The West Lothian Question” later on and referred to the ability to vote on matters that only afected people living in England by Members of Parliament from constituencies in Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales, as a consequence of the devolution of power from Westminster and Scottish parliament, Welsh and Northern Irish Assemblies.
In 1979 it was a motion of no confidence against the Labour Government, that had as a direct consequence the celebration
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