Screening / Treatment / Prevention Essay

1940 WordsOct 1, 20168 Pages
Screening/Treatment/Prevention There are a vast number of risk factors that are associated with the development of hypertension, both modifiable and non-modifiable. The majority of the modifiable risk factors are linked to an unhealthy lifestyle. Examples of these are: a diet high in sodium, a sedentary lifestyle, alcoholism, the use of tobacco, and type-2 diabetes. All of these, except the use of tobacco, can contribute directly one of the most prevalent risk factors, obesity. Excess fat on the body can damage and cause strain on blood vessels. A poor diet and little exercise contribute directly to both obesity and type-2 diabetes. There are also a number of non-modifiable risk factors, such as ethnicity, sex, age, and family history. African Americans are at an increased risk for developing hypertension compared to Hispanics and Caucasians.10 Older individuals, especially women, have a greater chance of developing the condition. Family history also plays a role and high blood pressure can be passed down from generation to generation, just like height and hair color.1 Though non-modifiable risk factors cannot be controlled, the total risk an individual has for developing hypertension stems from both the modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors. Lifestyle choices can either help or hurt, and each person has the ability to control his or her potential risk. It is imperative that community nutritionists and health-care providers recognize risk factors so that they can
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