The synthetic approach is becoming widely accepted as a highly proficient method. It is a part-to-whole approach, which involves synthesising individual phonemes to make whole words (Fellowes & Oakley, 2014, p. 228). The synthetic approach promotes the use of letter tiles, magnetic letters or moveable alphabets to teach word blending and segmenting. The physical act of pushing together letters and taking apart words has a powerful effect on children’s understanding of these language processes (Konza, 2016, p. 158). Additionally, children should learn some common letter combinations and whole words, to the point of automaticity and immediate recognition. These are referred to as sight words as they can not be decoded or sounded out. Teachers should aim to increase students repertoire of such words and pursue rapid word recognition. Fellowes and Oakley, (2014, p. 243) suggest various strategies for teaching sight words, including: sentence strips where children write, cut and reassemble sentences; word shapes where children draw ‘frames’ around words; and tracing activities which involve children writing words with a variety of different materials, such as sand trays, chalk or clay. Also, games such as word dominoes, word bingo and matching activities can be
Phonics are essential to literacy and children’s ability to learn to read and write. Phonics are a system of associating letter symbols with speech sounds (Orton, n.d.). They have an important role in the Australian Curriculum and Reporting Authority: phonics and word knowledge [ACARA]. There are two main concepts related to phonics they are analytical phonics and synthetic phonics. Diana Rigg (2016) states that “direct systematic instruction in phonics during the early years of schooling is an essential foundation for teaching children to read” (para. 3). Phonics are used by children to learn to read and to write, they include letter identification, onset and rime, blends and the relationships between blends and phonemic awareness (Hill, 2012, p.259) (Rigg, 2014). There are many teaching approaches that may be implemented to teach phonics effectively. This essay will discuss, critique and analyse phonics their importance and how different teaching approaches may be implemented to teach phonics to students effectively. It will maintain that synthetic phonics have been proven to be more successful in teaching children than analytical phonics, although it is imperative to use both a synthetic and analytical approach to teaching children phonics.
233). Reading and reading comprehension is a basic skill that scholars will be able to use all along their lives and it all start here by encoding, decoding, adding and deleting sounds. This research will make use of CVC as a beginning set of letters that five year olds start manipulating nth verbally and in writing.
For example linking sounds and letters they are currently as follows, Hear and say sounds in words in order in which they occur, Link sounds to letters naming and sounding the letters of the alphabet. Use the phonic knowledge to write simple regular words and make phonetically plausible attempts to write more complex words.
Select four songs, finger plays, word games or poems that you can use to promote phonological awareness. Describe the strategies to promote phonological awareness among children whose home language is other than English.
Three possible instructional implications that Ms. King and/or Mr. Baker could implement to further build Andy’s phonics capabilities to greater heights throughout the school day could be too:
The observation began with a review of what phonological awareness means. According to Chard, D.J. & Dickson, S.V. (2018), it is being aware of the fact that oral language is made up of many smaller units, such as words and syllables. In order to be successful at reading and writing language, an individual must develop skills in phonological awareness. Teaching students to rhyme is very important also because it is one of the ways students show that they have an awareness of phonological awareness. An example of rhyming is when a word is broken down by a single letter or combination of letter sounds such as the word chop would be broken into the onset: ch and rime: op. Students must
1. a). One activity done to promote reading as seen in the video would be when the sock hands grab the letters ock from the word rock, then put it by the letter s, thus creating the word sock. The sock hands then sing ock over and over. The sock hands create a visual along with the word to make a connection for the viewer, the singing of “ock” reinforces the viewer’s attention to the rime part of the rhyming words sock and rock. Another phonological awareness activity for the viewer would be a short video about the “evil un people” which shows how prefixes work, as well as breaking words down into syllables, and building words by adding other words to them. The video shows a character locking a bunch of rhinos in a
Fluency in reading and writing involves many steps that can be taught at home or in the classroom; however, when a teacher and/or parent focus is primarily on the preparation of a variety of activities that include practice in one particular area, such as a popular activity called Scoop the Pelican. This activity involves cut-up sentences. Scoop the Pelican is a productive activity for children who are having difficulty learning about letters, sounds, and words. When reading continuous print, children seem to forget what they know. When we test in isolation, most students seem to know letter-sound relationships, phonograms, or high-frequency words; however the reader uses both pauses and intonation to parse sentences into meaningful phrases.
Bakhet is also in Mrs. James class. With Bakhet, I decided to use the alphabet flashcards because he is a level one ESl student. I wanted to see how well he knew his letters and the sounds each letter makes. Bakhet knew his letters well but did not know most of the sounds. I decided to run through some letters sounds with him and relate them to an animal or object.Bakhet seemed to grasp the concept a little. I ended my session with Bakhet by reading a book to him. He seems to enjoy the book. He listened quietly and paid close attention to the story. One of the last students I interacted with in Mrs. James class was Henry. A seven-year-old Haitian boy. Since Mrs.James , his first-grade teacher, told me he knew how to write stories well that
The writer used some target words in the treatment. The basis of choosing the target words and sounds were similar to the students’ textbook and syllabus in (My Pals Are Here). The target words for the first grade were sit, sofa, snake, swim, sick, soup, seal, sea, sad, sand, soap, sock, zebra, zoo, zero, zoom. The target sounds of those words were /s/ and /z/ sound. The target words for the second grade were dad, glad, bad, mad, pet, red, Zed, bed, hat, ten, pen, cat. The target sounds of those words were /æ/ and /e/. The target sounds for the third grade were play, plate, plant, planet, plane, pluck, plug, plum, slow, sleep, sleepy, slim, slippery, slide, slice, slip. The target sounds of those words were /pl/
This lesson was about the word family –at, spelling those words, and beginning sounds of words. They also read the book The Ginger Bread Man and she explains what adaption means when one author writes a book that is different from the original story. They practiced spelling –at family words, some short and some longer, and students come up with words that are in the –at family, even if they are not real words.
1. The two major independent constructs compared by the authors were onset-rime and phoneme awareness. The dependent constructs were early reading ability and general academic ability. The independent constructs were operationalised using twelve trials of a segmenting and a blending task; which was given at age five. Half of the trials involved blending phonemes and the other half involved blending onset-rime and rhymes; scores for both the tests were combined.
Systematic phonics instruction is beneficial to children regardless of their socioeconomic status; it helps children from different backgrounds overcome reading difficulties. Different strategies to phonics instruction might be used in the classroom, such as synthetic phonics (children first are learning how to convert letters into sounds, and after they are learning how to blend the sounds together to create words); analytic phonic (children learn words and after analyze letter-sound relationships in these words); analogy-based phonics (children identify unknown words using the parts of word families they learnt before); phonics through spelling (children divide the words into phonemes , and after writing letters for phonemes they are creating words).
Phonics is described as “understanding letter-sound relationships, as well as larger letter pattern/sound pattern relationships” (Ruddell, 2009). Though in my opinion there is a lot more to phonics than this. There are several aspects to phonics, different types of phonics, negatives to the idea, and several ways to teach it. In this paper I will address all of these based on research I found, the discussion I had with my peers, and my own opinion.